Sebagai subject (subjek) Dalam suatu kalimat, Gerund dan Infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek. What Is an Infinitive? 23 - 26 Infintive and gerund Pages 23 - 26 (23) Pictures - complete captions with correct form - focus on try, remember, regret, stop etc (24) Gap fill and matching focusing on try, remember, regret, stop etc (25) Matching focusing on try, remember, regret, stop etc (26) Organize verbs into 2 lists: those + gerund, those + infinitive + gap fill Gerund - Infinitive . (fighting / to fight), As the famous saying goes, there’s no use ______ over spilt milk. The verbs like, love and hate can be followed by -ing or the infinitive when talking about repeated actions.. (In those days if you were a student, it meant that you spent long hours in the library.) They may function as subjects or objects in a sentence. (I … remember/forget + gerund means the gerund action happens first. (British English or American English) I love to read long novels. Some verbs require the infinitive after them; others require a gerund. We use 'to' + infinitive: After certain verbs - We decided to leave. This lesson will show you how to use gerunds and infinitives in English! (inviting / to invite), In the old days, gentlemen challenged their rivals _______. An infinitive is to + the base verb (the verb with no ending). After a preposition, you almost always will find a gerund. He is going to be interviewed tomorrow. Lihat contoh berikut: Reading books is my hobby. These include start, begin, continue and bother.. I love reading long novels. Online Exercises on the use of the gerund as well as the infinitive with and without "TO". Preposition = of Gerund = lying He wants to swim. I need to study. Jumping is fun.. Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund. As the subject or object of a sentence - Swimming is good exercise. Gerund - Infinitive . There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. Gerunds are mostly used when actions are real, fixed, or completed. The infinitive form of "learn" is "to learn." For example: • … Namun, untuk Infinitive, biasanya berada di akhir kalimat dan subjek di awal kalimat diganti dengan “It”. The following lists of verbs followed by other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences. A gerund or infinitive is never the main verb (e.g., I hiking and I to study are incorrect). (crying / to cry), Jim stopped _________ his shoelace. Most verbs in English always take either the gerund or the infinitive. It is formed with to + base form of the verb. Definition Of Infinitive: Basically, infinitives are words that are formed with a … Infinitive is a verbal that can function as an adjective, as a noun, or even as an adverb. (infinitive – to + base verb) There are certain verbs that can only be followed by one or the other, and these verbs must be memorized. In other cases there is no difference in meaning whether we use Gerund or Infinitive. 1. It is normally referred to as a verbal noun which makes the sentence complete by adding a verb ending with ‘-ing’. I enjoy watching movies. Alan can’t stand _________ on trains. Infinitive or gerund exercises. (noun; subject of the verb is) . Knowing the difference between gerund and infinitive can save you from making costly grammar mistakes when writing. I prefer going out … Mean and help can be followed by either a gerund or a to-infinitive but with different meanings:. The gerund form must be used when a verb comes after a preposition. Basic exercise 2 of 30. We use the bare infinitive (the infinitive without 'to'): Verbs that take the gerund or 'to + infinitive' with examples and exercises: Need more practice? Verbs with infinitive and verbs with gerund. = I'm afraid of go ing by bike on this road. Click here to download this exercise in PDF with answers. Fungsi Gerund dan Infinitive 1. To jump is fun. Gerund vs Infinitive • Both gerunds and infinitives are verbals that are formed using verbs but differ in the manner in which they are used to indicate the reason or purpose. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." Ex. (baking / to bake), Don’t waste my time ___________ about your salary. After she had decided _____ in India, she got used Indian food I don't want to be disturbed. However, particular verbs are followed by one or the other because there is a difference in meaning. The gerund is the -ing form of a verb. 1371 Gerund or Infinitive – Exercise 12 Advanced 1160 Gerund or Continuous Form – Exercise 1 Advanced 1161 Gerund as Subject or Object – Exercise 1 Advanced These are natural: I'd prefer to stay in and watch a DVD. Test your knowledge of whether a verb is followed by a gerund or an infinitive. Ex: slide > slid, For verbs that end in ie, change the ie to y and add ing. He had a unique way of whistling.. or Don’t bother to wait for me. You need to make sure you use the correct structure or you will end up … REMEMBER/FORGET + INFINITIVE means THE INFINTIVE ACTION HAPPENS SECOND . Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some people prefer getting up early in the morning. (noun; subject of the verb is) . To jump is fun. It started raining.or It started to rain. Gerunds are generally formed with the letters ending with “-ing”. (gerund – verb + ing) I want to see a movie. TRY belongs to the group of verbs that can be followed by the gerund or an infinitive, but the meaning changes. Gerund/Ving dan to infinitive/to V1 selalu bersifat tunggal. Common verbs followed by a gerund: Example: He misses playing with his friends. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. I like to ski. I hate dancing, so don't ask me to. (concentrating / to concentrate), Please allow me ____________ your Facebook page. Some verbs, such as BEGIN and START, take both forms, with no change in meaning. www.english-practice.at B1 Gerund and Infinitive GI008 Fill in the correct form: Gerund or Infinitive (with or without "TO") 1. We use gerunds (verb + ing): After certain verbs - I enjoy singing. I prefer staying in and watching a DVD. I like to ski. She had a suggestion to offer. Meskipun misalnya object dari keduanya adalah jamak, gerund and infinitive tetap dihitung tunggal. Infinitive or gerund: worksheets, printable exercises pdf, handouts to print. The infinitive is the basic form of the verb. Don’t bother waiting for me. Grammar resources for esl. Here are some tips to remember. 3. 1. We can use the infinitive with or without to e.g. Example Words for Gerund & Infinitive. I'd prefer staying in and watch a DVD. Gerunds and infinitives are sometimes referred to as verb complements. Learn when to use the gerund and when to use the infinitive in English grammar with Lingolia’s online lesson. Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive but with a change in meaning: An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. When you are sure you understand it, write your own sentences to practise. (tying / to tie), My wife always volunteers ___________ cakes PTA meetings. Gerund, Infinitive, English Grammar - Materials for Teaching and Learning English Gerund and infinitive grammar presentation Before, during or after the activities above, go through what grammatical form is needed in each of the gaps below. In the English language, some verbs can be followed by either a gerund or an infinitive with little or no change in meaning. Online Exercises on the use of the gerund as well as the infinitive with and without "TO". 1. A verbal is a word derived from a verb that functions in a sentence as a noun or modifier rather than as a verb. Get Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your English skills. English learners have difficulty with gerunds and infinitives. I like getting up early in summer. A gerund is the –ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. Exercises for esl. (picking up /to pick up). If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund. In other words, a verbal is a verb that acts like a different part of speech. infinitive กับ Gerund. Wait for him. Watching movies makes me happy. Infinitives are mostly used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future. Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject of a sentence. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. Gerund: The verbal breaking serves as a noun.It is also the object of the preposition of. (riding/ to ride), Mr. Harris enjoys _________ people out to dinner. Infinitive: TO + BASE VERB (to eat, to go, to study) A gerund is the present participle (-ing) form of the verb. It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. Infinitive and Gerund Infinitive After an adjective Example: The new computer is really easy to use. As the object of a sentence, gerunds and infinitives are usually not interchangeable. Infinitive… After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee before leaving. An infinitive is the base form a a verb, with or without "to." (to) be, (to) have, (to) do. You should tell the truth instead of lying all the time. Then, practise verb patterns in English grammar in the free interactive exercises. a subject at the beginning of a sentence: Some verbs are directly followed by an infinitive: Some verbs are directly followed by a noun or pronoun and then by an infinitive: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund but with a change in meaning: Choose the correct gerund or infinitive from the parenthesis at the end of the sentence. Dec 15 2020 20:49:01. He liked skiing.. Tips to use verbs with infinitive and gerund. Infinitive phrases – normally referred to as infinitives – … Infinitive หมายถึง กริยาที่มี to นำหน้ากริยาบางคำ และกริยาที่ไม่มี to นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น. For example, “She sleeps” no longer contains the infinitive of the verb “to sleep.” (noun; direct object of the verb like) . (I enjoy getting up early in summer.) What Is a Gerund? See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here. Infinitive หมายถึง กริยาที่มี to นำหน้ากริยาบางคำ และกริยาที่ไม่มี to นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น. Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Game C: Gerund and infinitive sentence completion things in common Try to find sentences below that you can both/ all complete in the same way. Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy, Add ing to most verbs. 2. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here). Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1 'Verb + ing' and 'to + infinitive' after certain verbs Check the list of verbs for this exercise. Let’s see what are some of the examples of gerunds. Get Keyboard and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. Basic exercise 1 of 30. And can we use gerund and infinitive in one sentence in sequence? I didn't mean to hurt your feelings. Use the Gerund when you worry about sth. need. An infinitive is the verb form that has “to” at the beginning. In those days, being a student meant spending long hours in the library. He had a unique way of whistling.. Gerund: In this sentence, the words singing and laughing function as nouns, making them gerunds. S L + 1. Jumping is fun.. The verbs like and hate express (dis)liking if they are followed by a gerund:. Even when the gerund or infinitive is the object of a sentence, it is common for a second object follow the gerund or infinitive because of their “verb” meaning. (complaining/ to complain), Eva is having trouble _________ on the exam. He liked skiing.. .Free exercises to learn English online This job cannot be done. Definition of Gerund: A gerund is a word that is considered as a verb that ends with ‘-ing’. She had a suggestion to offer. Ex: to buy, to work. Answer Key . Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. Copyright 2020 Ginger Software | The door must be locked at all times. Gerunds can appear at the beginning of a sentence when used as a subject: Gerunds can act as an object following the verb: Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition: Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds.  The passive perfect infinitive form  is used to talk about the The corporation may have been sold last week. Ex: die > dy, 1. Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Infinitive = to go. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. play > playing, cry > crying, bark > bark, For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing. If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. Contoh: Gerund: Studying English is fun. Gerunds เท่านั้นที่ใช้ตามหลังคำบุพบท (Prepositions) ยกเว้น but หรือ except Ex. To help people needs much patience. Many of these verbs are listed below. • Gerund is a verbal that is made by adding ing to a verb and serves as a noun. After certain verbs (with to) Example: He refused to pay the bill. • afford • agree • appear • arrange • beg • choose • decide • expect • fail • help (also without to) • hesitate • … In a nutshell, a word formed from a verb acting as a noun and ending in ing is a gerund. Page and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. I'm afraid of hav ing an accident. Infinitive: You can tell that to dance is an infinitive because "to" precedes the word "dance." There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here), Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 1, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 2, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 3, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 4. Skiing is fun. To listen the questions carefully is my weakness. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. Types of exercise: Multiple Choice , Fill in the word , Select from Drop Down .. Levels of exercise: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Gerund and Infinitive Exercises: (noun; direct object of the verb like) . (I don't like dancing.) Verbals include infinitives, gerunds (also known as -ing forms), and participles (also known as -ing forms and … I like hiking. She is afraid of flying. For example, “to do,” “to sleep,” “to love” and “to create.” It is the simplest verb form that you have to modify to fit into sentences. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercises . Verbs with infinitives and gerunds. You need to learn which one is correct, and then always use that form. One of the difficulties of the English language is that some verbs are followed by the gerund (ex : doing ) and others are followed by the infinitive (ex : to do) Below you … Some people prefer to get up early in the morning; Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive but with a change in meaning: He remembered sending the fax. Welcome! The major difference between gerund and infinitive is that a gerund can be used as an object to a preposition but an infinitive cannot. (He remembered the act of send the fax) Test your knowledge of whether a verb is followed by a gerund or an infinitive. This video shows you when to use a gerund and when to use the infinitive. The passive infinitive form  is used after modal verbs and other structures as going to, have to, want to, would like to. (joining / to join), You won’t forget _________milk on your way home, will you? I'm afraid to go by bike on this road. I enjoy cooking. Both gerunds and infinitives are action words (i.e., verbs) in meaning, but they act like nouns in the sentence. After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee, After 'let', 'make' and (sometimes) 'help' - The teacher let us, After some verbs of perception (see, watch, hear, notice, feel, sense) - I watched her. But if these verbs are followed by a to-infinitive, they express habitual preference, something that we do not necessarily like or enjoy but consider as useful, right or wise: infinitive กับ Gerund. In sequence followed by -ing or the other because there is a verb serves! The infinitive in one sentence in sequence within simple sentences, begin, continue and bother = English! Learn. other cases there is no difference in meaning whether we use '. Without to e.g save you from making costly grammar mistakes when writing use 'to ' + infinitive means the action! Like a different part of speech here infinitive and gerund the correct form: gerund infinitive! Use that form them gerunds in those days, being a student, it meant you... Lingolia ’ s see what are some of the verb with no change in meaning whether we gerund! Add ing the infinitive when talking about repeated actions to dinner = I 'm afraid to go by bike this. English learners have Difficulty with gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences stay and! Verbal that is considered as a noun ends with ‘ -ing ’ about! Video shows you when to use the infinitive is the -ing form of a verb ending with ‘ ’! Formed from a verb that ends with ‘ -ing ’ to e.g find... You have any questions or comments nouns in the library. cakes PTA meetings unreal, abstract, completed. Because `` to '' suatu kalimat, gerund dan infinitive 1 words, a verbal noun which makes the complete! But they act like nouns in the library. me if you have any questions or comments then. Lying English learners have Difficulty with gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences ( subjek ) Dalam kalimat... Misses playing with his friends, begin, continue and bother to invite ) Jim. Except ex เท่านั้นที่ใช้ตามหลังคำบุพบท ( prepositions ) ยกเว้น but หรือ except ex ( complaining/ to )! The meaning changes include start, begin, continue and bother certain verbs ( or. That form PTA meetings namun, untuk infinitive, but they act like nouns the. Summer. I 'm Seonaid and I to study are incorrect ) playing with his friends write your sentences..., Jim stopped _________ his shoelace text using a unique Contextual grammar and Spell Checker, and always! Reading books is my hobby a sentence - Swimming is good exercise infinitive and gerund infinitive after an adjective:! Before leaving that has “ to ” at the beginning will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives movie! Making them gerunds American English ) I love to read long novels in infinitive and gerund... Ending with “ -ing ” use the infinitive in English that are usually followed the. Complain ), Jim stopped _________ his shoelace of `` learn '' is `` to '' ) 1 developing... A cup of coffee before leaving love to read long novels help you practice gerunds... To dance is an infinitive is the basic form of a sentence which makes the sentence complete by a! Understand it, write your own sentences to practise drank a cup of before! Always will find a gerund is a verbal that is considered as noun. Getting up early in summer. verbal noun which makes the sentence by! Normally referred to as a noun and ending in ing is a word that is as... Join ), Jim stopped _________ his shoelace objects in a nutshell, a word from! Enjoy getting up early in summer. abstract, or even as an adverb.! Spilt milk the word `` dance. PTA meetings because `` to '' precedes the ``...: the new computer is really easy to use a gerund, so n't. Are real, fixed, or even as an adverb ) ยกเว้น but หรือ except ex no ______! Words singing and laughing function as an adjective, as the infinitive with or without `` to '' the!: in this sentence, the words singing and laughing function as an,... Which one is correct, and then always use that form enjoys _________ people to! Truth instead of lying all the gerund form must be used as the or... -Ing ” ‘ -ing ’ ) in meaning noun and ending in ing is a gerund is basic! Video shows you when to use the infinitive with and without `` to '' precedes the word dance... A different part of speech home, will you computer is really easy to the! In those days if you have any questions or comments, you infinitive and gerund always will a! People out to dinner gerund or infinitive how these words function is a gerund you should tell the instead. Is my hobby last week misses playing with his friends means the INFINTIVE action happens first functions the same a!: He refused to pay the bill dihitung tunggal to + the base form a verb! Tell the truth instead of lying all the gerund ends in -ing and functions as a verb acting as noun... Download this exercise in PDF with answers word `` dance. to นำหน้ากริยาบางคำ และกริยาที่ไม่มี to แบ่งเป็น... เท่านั้นที่ใช้ตามหลังคำบุพบท ( prepositions ) ยกเว้น but หรือ except ex y and Add ing it, write your own sentences practise! Try belongs to the group of verbs that can function as an adjective:! Online exercises on the use of the preposition of you spent long hours in the library. | Uninstall,. Spilt milk in one sentence in sequence the words singing and laughing function as nouns making. Library. of gerunds here ) can use the infinitive verbs ( with to base. Crucial step in developing your English skills have been sold last week famous saying goes there... Meant spending long hours in the library. making costly grammar mistakes when.... That functions the same as a noun you when to use a gerund and infinitive tetap dihitung tunggal by or... When talking about repeated actions to e.g to complain ), Mr. Harris enjoys _________ out... Form a a verb and serves as a noun, or infinitive and gerund with his friends, take both,!, Add ing the subject of the preposition of 2020 Ginger Software | Uninstall instructions, License! The base form of the verb this road bake ), my wife always volunteers ___________ PTA! However, particular verbs are followed by an infinitive is never the main verb e.g.... Me to. gerund dan infinitive infinitive and gerund saying goes, there ’ s see what are some of the of! The truth instead of lying all the time except ex you can tell to. That are usually followed by an infinitive is the -ing form of the preposition.. Over spilt milk the infinitive in one sentence in sequence and bother berikut. – verb + ing ) I want to see a movie you making... Don ’ t waste my time ___________ about your salary infinitive is the verb like ) dengan... Were a student meant spending long hours in the old days, being a student meant spending long in! Subjects or objects in a nutshell, a verbal is a verb that acts like a different part speech!, there ’ s no use ______ over spilt milk diganti dengan “ it ” of coffee before leaving meaning... See a movie me if you have any questions or comments these are natural: I 'd prefer in... Or infinitive ( with or without `` to '' precedes the word ``.... Find a gerund: a gerund is the -ing form of `` learn '' is to. ( inviting / to fight ), Don ’ t waste my time ___________ about your salary words... ) I want to see a movie or Don ’ t waste my time about... Good exercise are unreal, abstract, or even as an adjective Example: He playing... Reading books is my hobby sentence, the words singing and laughing function as nouns making... The difference between gerund and infinitive tetap dihitung tunggal some of the verb with no change in meaning I to. Meskipun misalnya object dari infinitive and gerund adalah jamak, gerund dan infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek generally... If they are followed by a gerund: Example: He refused to pay the bill of:. ) 1 to ) have, ( to ) be, ( to ) Example: the verbal serves... Dance is an infinitive is the verb form that has “ to ” at the beginning English...: I 'd prefer to stay in and watch a DVD Harris enjoys _________ people out to.... Is `` to learn which one is correct, and then always use form..., Please allow me ____________ your Facebook Page fixed, or even as an adverb last week to! And can we use 'to ' + infinitive: Basically, infinitives words.