Similarities in Eastern and Western Philosophy 635 of Western and Eastern philosophy as though they fall into two opposed groups, such that Eastern philosophy proceeds by intuition, the abstract and the alogical, while Western phi losophy proceeds by concepts, the concrete and the logical. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. The Greek philosopher Epictetus (c. 50-130 CE) said the same thing when he wrote, "It is not circumstances themselves that trouble people, but their judgments about those circumstances." Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. A comparison of culture and philosophy between Eastern and Western societies. Free essay sample on the given topic "Effects Of The Russian Revolution". Both of these philosophers have exerted an enormous influence through their works, and both argue for the existence of innate knowledge; that human beings are born knowing right from wrong, and good from bad, and need only be encouraged to pursue goodness in order to live a fulfilling life. Eastern culture uses the spiritual and missionary approach of searching inside oneself for answers through meditation whereas western culture takes on a pragmatic and emotional approach in searching outside oneself through research and analysis. The similarities between eastern and western philosophy are greater than any differences cited by modern-day writers and lecturers on the topic. Even though we can find many fundamental differences between all things Western and all things Eastern, "essentializing" Eastern philosophy, and therefore the "Eastern" people, as if they were one big block with a similar intellectual foundation, seems to me to be a remnant of Orientalism and doesn't correspond to reality. Here are five cultural differences in thinking and perception between the East and West. 20 Dec 2020. The Korean philosopher Wonhyo (617-686 CE) wrote, "Thinking makes good and bad" meaning that if you think something is 'bad' then it is bad to you. The first illustration is the focus on Confucius and Aristotle, the eastern and western philosophers respectively. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EASTERN AND WESTERN PHILOSOPHY SWAMI KRISHNANANDA. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. Further, such distinctions distort one's perception of history in that, once people accept a fundamental difference between East and West, they may tend to view the history of respective cultures as radically different from each other. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. This includes art from Africa, the Middle East, South America, East and Southeast Asia, and so on. Wang's theory of intuition could be compared to one of the most basic of human needs: eating. She has published historical essays and poetry. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! The similarities between eastern and western philosophy are greater than any differences cited by modern-day writers and lecturers on the topic. In Plato's Meno, Socrates praises a slave who knows geometry although he has never been taught it. The similarities between eastern and western philosophy are greater than any differences cited by modern-day writers and lecturers on the topic. The writing of Wang, therefore, concurs with Plato that any individual can recognize good and bad in regards to morality. Eastern philosophy is a great deal more popular than its Western counterpart. Mark, Emily. Both philosophers are involved in the pursuit of same ideas hence it is necessary to state that there is no philosophy for eastern or western but rather there is only one philosophy. Philosophers from the east have always been engaged in exactly the same pursuit as their counterparts in the west. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! There are many similarities between eastern and western philosophy. Need we ask anyone to tell us these things?" In his dialogue of Phaedrus, Plato poses the question, "What is good, and what is not good? – … Her travel writing debuts in Timeless Travels Magazine. The similarities between eastern and western philosophy are greater than any differences cited by modern-day writers and lecturers on the topic. Western philosophy deals with Individualism while Eastern Philosophy is related … (Essay Sample), Role Of Technology In Economic Development (Essay Sample), American Psycho (An Analysis Essay Sample), Teamwork And Collaboration In Nursing (Essay Sample), Magical Realism In Literature (Essay Sample). Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! Aspect 1: Where Thinking Happens — Internally or Externally Sivananda Ashram, Rishikesh, India . The similarity in the philosophies is clear since both discuss what is ‘good’ and also the right way of understanding the existence of an individual. Further, they argue, humans must recognize what is not good in order to reject it, and therefore do not need to be taught goodness but only be directed or educated to act on their innate knowledge of the good. Eastern and Western philosophy published 12-1-2014 Here I start a series on differences and similarities between Eastern and Western philosophy, and my position in that. An example given by academic scholars is how Confucius' analects deal with both the inner and outer life of a person (holistic) while Aristotle's works emphasize how one should conduct one's self to live well among others (fragmentary). Yoga is a systematic approach to spiritual realization. (2) ‘Western’ and ‘Eastern’ present very broad scopes. The Individual. Most of Islamic philosophy falls in pretty much in the same tradition as Western Philosophy - both of them are continuations of Greek thought. There is no division between eastern or western philosophy when it comes to the most basic questions of what it means to be a human being. Website: www.swami-krishnananda.org. Western philosophy can be divided into Ancient Greek philosophy, medieval philosophy, modern philosophy and contemporary philosophy, while Eastern philosophy includes Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy, Japanese philosophy etc. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Free essay sample on the given topic "Why Do You Want To Become A Pharmacist?". Also known as “alternative medicine,” this practice can include a variety of spiritual activities such as meditation, acupuncture, and tai chi. From the above illustrations of eastern and western philosophies, it is evident that the fundamental ideas addressed are similar. Free essay sample on the given topic "Advantages Of Studying Locally". This answer illustratively focuses on American and East Asian Confucian heritages. The relativist philosophies of the Chinese sophist Teng Shih (6th century BCE) and the Greek sophist Protagoras (5th century BCE) are almost identical. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! The writings put emphasis on the fact that eastern and western similarities are largely similar. The eastern and western philosophy present similar issues when it comes to the idea of the state of being a human being. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. Hire EssayBasics to Write Your Assignment, 5963 Corson Ave S 176, Seattle, WA 98108 USA, Advantages Of Studying Locally (Essay Sample), Sweet Memories Of My Childhood (Essay Sample), Effects Of The Russian Revolution (Essay Sample), Why Do You Want To Become A Pharmacist? Philosophy is often divided into two very broad categories, Eastern philosophy and Western philosophy. The eastern and western philosophies are identical to a large extent and the critics only point out the small differences in the specific philosophy and wording. EASTERN AND WESTERN PHILOSOPHY The subject of philosophy has always been divided along two lines of thinking – the eastern and the western. Wang would agree with Plato that anyone can recognize what is good and not good regarding morality. Both men believed that virtue was the highest goal one could strive for and that lasting rewards came to a person who put virtue above worldly possessions. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Free essay sample on the given topic "American Psycho". There is no difference in their fundamental ideas. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. The two philosophers agree on the matter that a person must know what is good for them to pursue the good. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. However, both philosophies have the goal of finding out the meaning and purpose in the life and path of an individual respectively. The differences listed below are heavily stereotyped, generalized, and polarized. One could compare the fundamental ideas of the great Chinese philosopher Confucius (551-479 BCE) with those of the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322 BCE) and find they are presenting the same basic concepts. It helps humans deal with human morality and concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice and crime. Eastern philosophy consists mainly of Asian philosophies such as the Indian philosophies of Buddhism and Hinduism, the Japanese philosophies of Zen Buddhism and the samurai tradition, and the Chinese philosophies of Confucianism, Taoism and Ch’an Buddhism (Moore & … Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/article/855/. Last modified January 17, 2016. The first would be Buddhism/Taoism and Spinoza's pantheism. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Eastern philosophy is too rich and diverse to be able to bundle into one category that can be compared with Western and Islamic philosophy. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. In fact, human beings are essentially the same the world over, only the details and customs differ, and the philosophies of eastern and western thinkers make this quite clear. The differences between the concepts of Wang and Plato are only cosmetic and linguistic. Free essay sample on the given topic "History Of Newspaper". Western perspectives about self are inherently dualistic. No infant is ever taught that it 'should' be hungry, and no child is ever instructed in making their need for food known to adults. The differences between Eastern and Western thought can be clearly seen in modern society, despite globalization and unifying influences. These are arbitrary distinctions which totally miss the underlying, and essentially identical, aims of eastern and western philosophy. Western philosophy is mainly used in the Western parts of the world, such as in the European countries, while the Eastern philosophy is prevalent in Asian countries. Wang and Plato both agree that what prevents a person from acting on what they know is selfish desires which confuse people and make them choose to act badly even when they know they should not. Therefore, people should only be encouraged to follow goodness so that they can live better and fulfilling life. Fill out the order form step-by-step. Wonhyo would agree with that since he believed that everything was One and all of the experiences a person has in life are just a part of the One Experience of being a human being. Mark, E. (2016, January 17). Various scholars and institutions of higher learning have maintained arbitrary divisions in the eastern and western philosophy. Various scholars and institutions of higher learning have maintained arbitrary divisions in the eastern and western philosophy. There is no 'eastern' or 'western' philosophy; there is only philosophy. The love of wisdom knows no separate region; philosophy defies all boundaries and every kind of petty regional definition. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Both philosophers argue that there exists innate knowledge for all human beings. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! License. Mo-Ti, some claim, aims at a holistic understanding of one's self and one's surroundings while a western philosopher like Plato emphasizes specific goals one should strive for in discovering what is true and real in life. The ideas presented by Confucius, the great Chinese philosopher, and those by Aristotle, the Greek philosopher, are similar and discuss same basic concepts. Not only does the evidence not support a dual, separate self that exists in isolation from other selves, materialist science has never been able to pin down a self. This paper aims to examine the ideas of one eastern and one western philosopher – Confucius and Socrates respectively and compare the two for similarities and differences. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 17 Jan 2016. The first one is both deal with god in relationships. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Ray Billington - 1997 - Routledge. Web. Eastern medicine takes an entirely different approach from western, relying on the bond between mind, body and spirit. Comparison Between Eastern and Western Philosophy Broadly, speaking, Western society strives to find and prove "the truth", while Eastern society accepts the truth as given and is more interested in finding the balance. An example of this is conflict and harmony, Western philosophy was built on the idea of difference and separation so they will not try and settle for common ground. While Plato is quite well known in the west, Wang Yangming is less so, even though he is as famous as Plato in China, Korea, and Japan. Since the 'discovery' of eastern philosophy by western explorers and scholars in the 18th and 19th centuries CE, there has been an arbitrary division maintained, especially in colleges and universities, between 'western philosophy' and 'eastern philosophy' as though these two systems present radically different views of the world. The East and The West took different approaches to gaining knowledge and understanding reality. There seems to be two places where Eastern and Western philosophy overlap or intersect. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is ‘fragmentary’ while eastern philosophy is ‘holistic’. The knowledge of good must, therefore, be innate for human beings to develop the desire of following it in the first place. Emily Mark studied history and philosophy at Tianjin University, China and English at SUNY New Paltz, NY. Related Content Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. I sometimes feel an agony between these two, when especially considering the so-called philosophy developed in terms of modern terminology in Western countries.. Those arguing for radical incommensurability — the view that thequestions and answers in one tradition cannot sustain meaningfulstatement in the other tradition — rely on the recognition of radicaldifference in basic concepts and modes of inquiry. They further discuss that lasting rewards come to one who considers virtue before possessions of the world. The eastern and western philosophy present similar issues when it comes to the idea of the state of being a human being. Free essay sample on the given topic "Sweet Memories Of My Childhood". Lastly the both talk about religion. (1) Counterintuitively and curiously, the most striking difference between Western and Eastern philosophy (in the sense of thinking and mindset), is also the most compelling similarity! Plato uses this slave boy as an example of innate knowledge to show that people already know innately what they think of as being taught and that this goes for knowledge of goodness as well as anything else. Western philosophy is often drawn to the different individual parts of a whole idea (Politics, Race Relations, Religion, etc), but in the east, emphasis is placed on the whole itself. Plato asks the question, “What is good, and what is bad?” According to Plato, a person is already aware of good and bad because that individual responds innately to the quality of badness or goodness in a piece of writing and therefore responds to the whole idea of goodness or badness in life. The best example, however, of the fundamental sameness of eastern and western thought is epitomized in the works of two of the best-known philosophers from their respective hemispheres: Plato (428-348 BCE) of the west and Wang Yangming (1472-1529 CE) of the east. I am now particularly referring here.. Thumbs up were given on answeres. A real life situation where eastern philosophy has influenced western philosophy is yoga. The works of both these men deal with what is 'good' and what is the right way to understand one's existence. Ethics is a branch of philosophy, also known as moral philosophy. Conflicts of Interest Between Eastern and Western Scientific Systems. Similarities and differences in society. Submitted by Emily Mark, published on 17 January 2016 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! Wang's and Plato's philosophies have been attacked by empiricists for a lack of evidence, but what these two philosophers are contending makes sense on a very basic level: one must know what is good in order to pursue what is good, and this knowledge of the good must be innate in order for people to have the desire to pursue it in the first place. Similarities in Eastern and Western Philosophy. We need you to be detailed. The popular writer Sankara Saranam, author of the book God Without Religion, is one example of this when he claims that eastern philosophy is concerned with general knowledge while western philosophy aims at specific knowledge. Ancient Greek philosophy is a system of thought, first developed... 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