Here are 32 Down Syndrome facts. Down syndrome is named after John Langdon Down, an English physician who first published a description of Down syndrome in 1866. Of course, discussing the matter, what day World Down Syndrome Day in 2020 is, we should give our readers some interesting facts concerning the historical past of this important subject. In the past, people with Down syndrome usually died early in life, but recent medical and cultural responses have increased their average life span. “Down Syndrome through the Ages.” Medgadget.com. below-average length and weight at birth; their palm may have only one crease across it; a small mouth with a tongue that may stick out. All rights reserved. Down syndrome (DS) is a genetic condition where a person is born with an extra copy of chromosome 21. In 1982, a baby nicknamed “Baby Jane Doe” was born with Down syndrome as well as esophageal atresia. #1 In 1887, Langdon-Down, a British physician, was the first to describe a girl with the syndrome, with the following symptoms – obesity, hypogonadism, short stature, and mental impairment. Pregnancy testing can pinpoint Down syndrome. There are three main types of Down syndrome: trisomy 21, mosaicism, and translocation. © 2020 Fact Retriever LLC. In ancient times, infants with Down syndrome were often killed or abandoned. More than 350,000 people are living with Down syndrome in the U.S. Down syndrome affects people of all ages, races, and economic levels. #21 Thanks to medical advances, individuals with DS have been able to have fuller and longer lives. #10 DS is commonly caused by an error in cell division, a medical term known as nondisjunction. Some individuals have 47 chromosomes (due to the presence of an additional number, 21), while some people have a normal number of chromosomes. September 12, 2018. Types of prenatal screenings can now determine if a fetus will have Down syndrome. Madeline Stewart, 21-year-old model and fashion designer, was the first person with Down syndrome to become a professional working model. 10 Essential Oils For COPD And Improving Lung Function, Cauliflower vs Potato – Nutrition Facts, Health Benefits, Side Effects, Asparagus vs Broccoli – Nutrition Facts, Health Benefits, Side Effects, Cashews vs Peanuts – Nutrition Facts, Health Benefits, Side Effects. #14 People with this condition are at increased risk for specific medical problems, such as – respiratory problems, childhood leukemia, heart defects, sleep apnea, seizures, hearing problems (deafness), celiac disease, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Alzheimer’s disease, and autism. Ear infections and eye diseases are very common in people with Down syndrome. All rights reserved. 8McConkey, Roy, and Dianne Timmons. This is the reason for an error in cell division, medically called – nondisjunction. Children who have DS usually have flat and broad faces, slanting eyes, and flattened nose bridges. Accessed: November 26, 2018. Trisomy 21, Translocation Down syndrome, and Mosaic Down syndrome are the three major types of Down syndrome. Down syndrome is the most commonly occurring chromosomal condition. The term “mongolism” came from the upward-slanting eyes of people born with Down syndrome, which some saw as similar to eye shape common in Asia. • Down syndrome is the most commonly occurring chromosomal condition. In a process called non-disjunction, the two copies of chromosome 21 fail to separate during formation of the egg, resulting in an egg with two copies of the chromosome. 5 Interesting Facts About Down Syndrome. Accessed: November 26, 2018. These statistics are also true for Down syndrome. Children with Down syndrome usually have poor short-term auditory memory skills, meaning they may struggle to remember things others have said to them. Approximately one in every 700 babies in the United States is born with Down syndrome –about 6,000 each year. genetic condition that causes delays in physical and intellectual development Down syndrome is the most common chromosomal disorder nationwide. #1It is named after John Langdon Down, an English doctor, who was the 1st to classify the common characteristics and traits of patients with this disorder. International and Cultural Aspects of Down Syndrome. Ad the saddest thing is that parents had to put their children there. Inclusive classrooms teach and benefit all kids. Are dreams merely fleeting images or symbolic expressions of our desires, needs, and self? According to the Global Down Syndrome Foundation, "Down syndrome has nothing to do with race, … Red hair is not just a color; it's a way of life. November 18, 2005. There is no link between the severity of Down syndrome and the severity of abnormal physical characteristics displayed. This extra chromosome may be partial or whole, and can lead to one of three different types of Down syndrome: Trisomy 21, Mosaic Down Syndrome or Translocation Down Syndrome. Mosaicism is the least common form of Down syndrome, accounting for only 1% of cases. “Madeline Stuart Wants to Be the First Model with Down Syndrome to Walk in the Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show.” Teen Vogue. 1-5 Down Syndrome Facts 1. Down syndrome is a genetic disorder and the most common autosomal chromosome abnormality in humans, where extra genetic material from chromosome 21 is transferred to a newly formed embryo. #7 Individuals with trisomy 21 have 47 Chromosomes instead of 46 in each cell. The incidence of births of children with Down syndrome increases with the age of the mother. #17 Due to the fact that younger women usually have more children, approximately 75-80% of sufferers with DS are born to younger women. Unravel the mystery with this list of surprising dream facts. One of the surprising Down syndrome facts is that Down syndrome can be classified as any one of three specific genetic conditions. Madeline Stuart Wants to Be the First Model with Down Syndrome to Walk in the Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show. If you have more than a few minutes, grab a cup of coffee (or two) and check out all 31. This additional genetic material alters the course of development and causes the characteristics associated with Down syndrome. Down syndrome was termed a chromosomal abnormality in 1959 by Jerome Lejeune, who discovered the extra chromosome 21 in patients with the condition. Down syndrome affects around one in every 700 babies in the … However, because younger. Mosaicism is caused when cells with the normal amount of chromosomes and cells with an added chromosome mix and replicate a chromosome 21 in the latter. When you focus on someone's disability you'll overlook their abilities, beauty and uniqueness. It occurs in all races, social classes and throughout the world and it can happen to anyone. It's the most common genetic chromosomal disorder and cause of learning disa… Down syndrome occurs when a baby develops an extra copy of the 21st chromosome during pregnancy, resulting in telltale symptoms. For Down syndrome awareness month, I wanted to dig a little deeper into the more common facts that I've often read about Down syndrome, and also share a few less common facts. For instance, at age 30, a woman has about a 1 in 1,000 chance of having a child with this condition. Color your world with interesting redhead facts, including vibrant history, fun trivia, and statistics. #2 It is one of the primary clinical causes of cognitive delay worldwide and it is not associated with any nationality, race, socio-economic status, or religion. 1Andrews, Jessica. #20 Only 5 percent of parents reported feeling embarrassed by their child with DS, according to a recent study. This means they have three copies of chromosome 21, instead of the typical two … It is estimated that 1 in 1000 or 1 in 1100 live births have Down syndrome worldwide, according to the WHO. This is observed in 100 percent of the cases that have been evaluated worldwide. #4 NDSS reports that about 400,000 patients in the US and 6 million individuals in the world currently have this disorder. #16 Risk factors that might lead to the conception of a child with DS include a parent with this disorder or advanced maternal age. This extra genetic material changes how a baby's body and brain develop. Down syndrome is the most commonly occurring chromosomal condition. Down syndrome is caused by having an extra chromosome 21. #19 Patients with DS are perfectly capable of forming all types of relationships with people they encounter during their lives, be it love, friendship, or a dislike of someone. #9 Mosaicism occurs when the sufferer has a combination of cells. Down syndrome is a genetic condition that causes characteristic physical traits, including distinct facial features and short stature. In fifty percent of the individuals with this type of DS, it is a one-off occurrence and does not mean that it will happen again in any future pregnancy. Reviewed June 27, 2017. Down syndrome is causedby extra copies of chromosome 21. 10 Interesting Facts about Down Syndrome Down syndrome is a chromosomal defect disorder, meaning a mutation occurs on one of the 46 chromosomes that exist in human cellular structures. Myth 1: You can catch Down’s syndrome from someone who has it. 4“Down Syndrome.” National Institutes of Health. These extra genes and DNA cause changes in the development of the embryo and fetus resulting in physical and mental abnormalities. The condition was initially referred to as “mongolism,” and Down syndrome did not become the official name until the 1970s. He had initially referred to the condition as “Mongoloid,”, due to resemblance to the appearance of people from the Mongoloid region. Southsea: The Down Syndrome Educational Trust, 2006. The average life expectancy for those with Down Syndrome has gone from 12 years in 1912 to 25 years in the 1980's, to upwards of 60 yea Once you learn to accept and love them for who they are, you subconsciously learn to love yourself unconditionally. #1 It is named after John Langdon Down, an English doctor, who was the 1st to classify the common characteristics and traits of patients with this disorder. Accessed: November 26, 2018. Of the 500 million people estimated to live with a disability, 80% live in developing nations. Here are 32 Down Syndrome facts. Fact Number 1 Dr. Jerome Lejeune first described Down Syndrome at a chromosome 21 trisomy in 1959 Fact Number 2 Giving birth to a child with Down Syndrome increases with age, 80% of children with Down Syndrome are born to a mother 35 years or older. He had initially referred to the condition as “Mongoloid,”, due to resemblance to the appearance of people from the Mongoloid region. Medical care for children with Down syndrome between birth and four years of age costs 12 times more than medical care for unaffected children. Some people have mild intellectual or developmental issues, whereas others might have more severe complications. #2 It is one of the primary clinical causes of cognitivedelay worldwide and it is not associated with any nationality, race, socio-economic status, or r… No matter which type a patient has, everyone with DS has an extra part of chromosome 21. Down’s syndrome is a genetic condition, there is no way that you can get it after you are born, it is part of your genetic makeup. The risk of having a child with down's syndrome increases significantly with maternal age to 1 in 50 if the mother is over 45 years. While there are common features for those with Down syndrome, mental ability varies between people. Common characteristics of Down syndrome include low muscle tone, small stature, upward-slanting eyes, and a single deep crease across the center of the palm. Accessed: November 26, 2018. It is the most common cause of this type of disability. 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