Every year, thousands of people flock to the warm, sunny beaches of coastal areas. Tourism development in the coastal environment has interfaced with the original characteristics of the area upon which it relied for attracting tourists. Coastal Development. Sedimentation from coastal development, urban stormwater runoff, forestry, and agriculture Sedimentation has been identified as a primary stressor for the existence and recovery of coral species and their habitats. In Bangladesh and Thailand, coastal mangrove forests — important buffers against storms and tidal waves — are giving way to ocean water. Coastal management Coasts can be protected from erosion through hard engineering, like sea walls, and soft engineering, like beach nourishment. Why are some coastal communities vulnerable? Pollution, logging, dredging, draining of wetlands, and coastal development are all factors that lead to marine habitat destruction. It'll Get Worse Before It Gets Better ... which are unable to cope with bad weather. Coastal tourism and Industrial development Coastal tourism contributes significantly to local economies of the region, particularly Kenya, where it accounts for a large and increasing proportion of foreign currency earnings. While these activities provide many economic and social benefits, coastal developments can have a negative impact on the Reef’s health. A Coastal Commission staffer said the Coastal Act was meant to protect coastal resources from new development – and that “community character” is one of those resources. According to a 2009 study, the coastal watersheds of the lower 48 states lose 80,000 acres of coastal wetlands each year to development, drainage, erosion, subsidence and sea-level rise. Development can block the inland migration of wetlands in response of sea level rise, and change the amount of sediment delivered to coastal areas and accelerate erosion. It’s only natural...we want to dig our toes into the hot sand and splash in the warm waves. The absence … Coastal hazards are physical phenomena that expose a coastal area to risk of property damage, loss of life and environmental degradation. In Tanzania and Mozambique the potential for growth of this sector is huge. The Great Barrier Reef catchment is used for agriculture, urban and industrial development, mining, port activities and island development. That’s approximately seven football fields every hour, and a 25 percent increase over the previous 6 … There are three main factors which increase vulnerability at the coast - physical, social and economic. An overall review of tourism research on the environment shows that nations do not give priority to environmental sustainability and disregard it to the benefit of economic development. In Europe, these are largely areas like Majorca, Ibiza, the south of Spain, coastal Portugal, Croatia, and the Greek Islands. 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