Leaves: Basal and cauline; alternate; petiole present on basal and lower cauline leaves, absent on upper cauline leaves; blade ovate to narrowly lanceolate, 2 to 12 inches long, .4 to 4.8 inches wide, base rounded to cordate, margins usually coarsely serrate to dentate, rarely entire, surfaces usually hirsute, sometimes glabrous. Several plants have established themselves in an old field and along a driveway. Photo by Jim Brighton. The plant also provides a tall background or repeating rows of large (often 6 inches across) purple, daisy-like flowers. It is native to eastern North America and present to some extent in the wild in much of the eastern, southeastern and midwest United States. Purple coneflower plants may be started from seed or root division: Growing purple coneflower from seeds is easy enough for the beginning gardener, while long-time gardeners delight in the ease of how to care for coneflowers. In more southern areas, morning sun may facilitate the best performance, with late afternoon shade protecting the plants from burning. Make the pruning cut on the flower stem just above the lowest green leaf. This nonnative species is loved by deer and woodchucks which eat them right to the soil line. This rejuvenates the plant and often produces a new display of beautiful blooms that last until frost. The following write-up provides information on this flowering plant. It has a very distinctive flower with reddish-purple petals. Eastern Purple Coneflower Echinacea is one of our personal favorites! ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. Echinacea, Eastern Purple Coneflower 'Magnus' Echinacea purpurea: Bucyrus, oh 1 miles: Oxalis Species, Upright Yellow Woodsorrel, Yellow Wood Sorrel Oxalis stricta: Bucyrus, oh 1 miles: Alcea, Common Hollyhock, Garden Hollyhock 'Summer Carnival Mix' Alcea rosea: Bucyrus, oh 1 miles: Hybrid Tea Rose 'Chicago Peace' Rosa : Bucyrus, oh 1 miles Thanks for your understanding. Water plants often the first year. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. Stems are mostly unbranched, typically brownish green. It has broad, dark green, fuzzy leaves with a sturdy upright flower stalk. The brown cone-shaped centers are surrounded by purple rays (petals) that are usually drooping. Photos by Peter M. Dziuk taken in Winona County and in private garden in Anoka County. Browse 5,640 eastern purple coneflower stock photos and images available, or search for purple forbidden city or narrow leaved purple coneflowers to find more great stock photos and pictures. Coneflowers are a type of echinacea, a native eastern … Purple-flowered perennials of the genus Echinacea, especially E. angustifolia and E. purpurea, often are cultivated as border plants. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Purple coneflowers (Echinacea purpurea) are grown both for their lovely flowers and for their usefulness as the source of medicinal echinacea. This species, Echinacea purpurea, is found in more of … No-fuss coneflowers are perfect for garden and landscape beds and borders, especially mass plantings and meadow-style gardens. Eastern Purple Coneflowers blooming in Talbot Co., Maryland (7/14/2013). These plants can survive up to 5 to 6 years in the wild. It's hard to find a garden without at least one variety. It may grow 3 to 4 feet tall and produce pinkish-purple flowers that mature in early summer through mid-fall. Once planted and established, learning how to care for coneflowers is easy. Your email address: (required) They are escapes from cultivated plants in a flower garden and are slowly spreading with about two dozen plants this year. In seasons with normal rainfall, additional watering is not necessary. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? Rich or heavily amended soil may result in lush foliage and poor flowering. The leaves have a few teeth and hairy on both sides, lanceolate in shape, with pointed tips. They are hardy, drought-tolerant, and long-blooming, and they are being cultivated in an ever-widening range of colors. Stems and leaves are smooth or hairy to varying degrees. When late summer blooms of the purple coneflower begin to look tired or ragged, cut the plant back by a third. By: Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. Tough, easy, adaptable, and long-blooming, this is a … Full sun is defined as at least six hours of sun each day. Its cone-shaped flowering heads are usually, but not always purple. Eastern coneflower is a native perennial flower that grows naturally along waterways of the Great Plains. It is also known as eastern purple coneflower, hedgehog coneflower, snakeroot, Kansas snakeroot, scurvy root, echinacea, Indian head, and narrow-leaved purple coneflower. A native of eastern moist to mesic prairie, Eastern Purple Coneflower is the species typically found in the nursery trade and many colored variants are becoming more common. Never had aster yellows on the plants but commonly have had problems with mite infections which look like aster-yellows in the way they deform the flower heads (called Fasciation). Echinacea purpuea is one of the great butterfly magnets of the native perennial garden. The sturdy stalks, which may reach 5 feet in height, rarely bend or require staking for an upright appearance. Sign up for our newsletter. Echinacea Purpurea or eastern purple coneflower in the garden with purple flowers and lot of insects like bees and butterflies. Echinacea purpurea - Eastern Purple Coneflower, Purple Coneflower. It can make for thick showy stands in the garden but is subject to aster yellows, a phytoplasma spread by leafhoppers that affects a large number of herbaceous species and causes stunting and yellowing of the foliage and blasting of the flower heads. Eastern Purple Coneflower Asteraceae (Compositae) Plant Specifics. The purple coneflower plant has a hairy and robust stem that can grow anywhere from 2 feet to 4 feet in height. Rays grow out and up, curving down with maturity. Purple coneflower plants are drought resistant and often thrive in dry summers. Other Names: Eastern Purple Coneflower Description: This elegant echinacea produces large purple flowers with coppery centers; a perfect choice for planting in groups, along border edges, or in containers; great for flower arrangements, attracts pollinators Echinacea purpurea, commonly called purple coneflower, is a coarse, rough-hairy, herbaceous perennial that is native to moist prairies, meadows and open woods of the central to southeastern United States (Ohio to Michigan to Iowa south to Louisiana and Georgia).It typically grows to 2-4' tall. Purple coneflowers (Echinacea purpurea) are one of ten species of Echinacea, a native family of flowering perennial plants. Eastern Purple Coneflower 845912. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Plant coneflower in hot, sunny spots and watch it thrive; once established, it tolerates drought well. Photo by Kimberly Booth. Please visit our sponsors Noteworthy Characteristics. Where in Minnesota? It is, however, popular as a native garden plant and medicinal herb, and is likely to escape occasionally from cultivation. Eastern Purple Coneflower in Prince George's Co., Maryland (6/27/2014). For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Plant Search > Eastern Purple Coneflower Eastern Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) About Eastern Purple Coneflower. Echinacea purpurea, Eastern Purple Coneflower is available at Toadshade Wildflower Farm, a mail order nursery in Frenchtown, NJ, that specializes in native perennial wildflower plants and seeds. try working in a small amount of well composted material in the soil, Yellow Echinacea Care – Learn About Growing Yellow Coneflowers, Types Of Coneflower – Learn About Different Kinds Of Coneflower Plant, Apple Chilling Info: How Many Chill Hours Do Apples Need, Growing Southern Conifers – Learn About Coniferous Trees In Southern States, Pacific Northwest Conifers – Choosing Coniferous Plants For Pacific Northwest, Can I Prune Conifers – Pruning Coniferous Trees, Planting Pomegranate Trees: How To Grow A Pomegranate Tree From Seeds, Hardy Geranium Plants – Growing Hardy Cranesbill Geranium And Its Care, White Rust Disease – Controlling White Rust Fungus In The Garden, Spruce Trees For Landscaping - Spruce It Up With Evergreens, Western Juniper Trees: The Good, The Bad, And The Ugly, Evergreens For Winter Interest: Growing Holly In Gardens, Christmas Tree Alternative: Decorating An Outdoor Tree For Birds. Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench – eastern purple coneflower, purple coneflower : References Expert(s): Expert: Lowell E. Urbatsch : Notes: Professor of Biological Sciences and Director LSU Herbarium, Biological Sciences Department, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge LA 70803, USA : … The light green stems have small purple streaks and scattered white hairs. Eastern Purple Coneflower is a Herb. Coneflower plants may actually display pink flowers, when the cultivar Echinacea purpurea ‘Pink Double Delight’ is planted. Flowers are single on end of stout stem, with 15-20 rich pink to purplish rays (petals), each 1½ to 3 inches long and ¼ to ¾ inch wide, with 3 notched teeth at the tip. Leaves have serrated edges and 3 or 5 distinct veins along the length. This is usually called purple coneflower. There may be some dead, brown leaves at … Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! A native to the eastern United States, purple coneflowers are found in many flower gardens. The alternate or opposite leaves are up to 6" long and 3" across, becoming smaller as they ascend the stems. Its flowers are similar to our native Echinacea angustifolia (Narrow-leaved Purple Coneflower), which has mostly basal leaves that are long and narrow. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Eastern purple coneflower is an erect, long lived, perennial herb that grows one to three feet in height, and produces a woody rhizome. Explore {{searchView.params.phrase}} by color family Several pollinators are attracted to the flower, especially butterflies. A native to the eastern United States, purple coneflowers are found in many flower gardens. Affected plants should be pulled and can be left in the garden as they pose no risk to healthy plants after uprooting. Macro photography of Echinacea purpurea, eastern purple coneflower or also hedgehog coneflower captured together with a hoverfly. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. Pick an image for a larger view. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. Leaves are mostly alternate, sometimes opposite, 3 to 6 inches long, 1 to 3 inches wide, lance-like, broader at the base, tapering to a point, stalked, becoming smaller and stalkless as they ascend the stem. Coneflower care may include limited fertilization, but this is often not needed. There are nine species of Echinacea found in the United State, with every state except for our 9 western-most states having at least one species. Purple coneflowers are quintessential prairie plants. … Coneflower care is as simple as that and the plants will reward you with abundant flowering each and every year thereafter. Herbs are broad-leaved, herbaceous (non-woody) plant. Ethnobotanic: Purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) was and still is a widely used medicinal plant of the Plains Indians. Recommended Uses: Works well in almost any garden with mixed wildflower species. eaSterN PurPle CoNeflower Echinacea purpurea Growth habit: up to 3 feet tall, some greater than 4 feet FoliaGe: dark green with coarse, serrated margins, up to 8 inches Flowers: large and daisy-like, light pink to deep magenta, bright orange centers; many white-flowered, double Coneflower, any of three genera of weedy plants in the family Asteraceae, all native to North America. * Echinacea purpurea (Eastern purple coneflower or Purple coneflower) is a species of flowering plant in the genus Echinacea. Many cultivars are available for varied sizes and colors. Planting purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) in the garden or flower bed draws bees and butterflies, ensuring that nearby plants have plenty of pollinators. Eastern Purple Coneflower is an introduced (native in some areas of North America - see below) erect perennial forb growing 2 to 5 feet in height on stems that usually do not branch and are green to brownish-green with some purple streaks and a few hair. Planting purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) in the garden or flower bed draws bees and butterflies, ensuring that nearby plants have plenty of pollinators. Your Name: In the center is a large orange-brown disk, round to conical in shape, covered in tiny disk flowers with yellow pollen. Herbaceous plants are also known as forbs or wildflowers . Purple Coneflower is an herbaceous perennial in the aster family that is native to central and eastern USA. If flowers are small or poorly developed, try working in a small amount of well composted material in the soil around the plants. Flowers with large orange gold spiky centers and strong reflexed rose pink petals appear in … It was used as a painkiller and for a variety of ailments, including toothache, coughs, colds, sore throats, and snake bite (Kindscher 1992). The long-lasting flowers are fairly large and daisy-shaped. Eastern Purple Coneflower is not native to Minnesota, but is common in roadside plantings, both urban and rural, as well as increasingly a garden escapee. Unlike its cousins which are native to the prairies and dryer regions of the US, purple coneflowers are native to the moister eastern woodlands. Form: Flower: Life Span: Short-lived perennial: Flower Color: Pink,purple: Fruit Color: NA: Phenology: Winter dormant: Noted for: Showy flowers: Landscaping. Its flowers are similar to our native Echinacea angustifolia (Narrow-leaved Purple Coneflower), which has mostly basal leaves that are long and narrow. When planting purple coneflower, locate them in a full sun area. Purple Coneflower Echinacea purpurea Aster family (Asteraceae) Description: This is a perennial plant up to 3½' tall that branches occasionally. Stems: Usually branched, usually hirsute, sometimes glabrous. Eastern Purple Coneflower in Allegany Co., Maryland (8/25/2015). Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, sun; moist rich prairie, fields, woodland edges. Coneflowers are easy to grow in average to dry, well drained soils. Eastern Purple Coneflower is not native to Minnesota, but is common in roadside plantings, both urban and rural, as well as increasingly a garden escapee. Eastern Purple Coneflower, Purple Coneflower, Black Samson, Hedgehog Coneflower, Purple Coneflower, Purple Daisy, Snakeroot, Kansas Snakeroot, Scurvy Root, Indian Head, Comb Flower, Black Susans, Echinacée Pourpre (French), Roter Scheinsonnenhut (German), Echinacija Purpurovaja (Transliterated Russian), Röd Rudbeckia (Swedish) The genus Echinacea in the Asteraceae family comprises nine species of flowering plants. Does self seed on open ground and is loved by seed eating birds in winter. See the glossary for icon descriptions. Purple coneflower plants grow best in poor or lean soil. Eastern Purple Coneflower Echinacea purpurea . The petals may be pink or white in some rare instances. Purple coneflower is a perennial plant that is native to midwestern and southeastern United States. With a primarily Southeastern and Midwestern distribution in the United States, eastern purple coneflower's range does not include New England. Once established, water one time per week. 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