Expect about 300-400 worms and a $35 per pound cost. The Red Wiggler (binomial name eisenia fetida) is far and away the most common and easily-purchased composting worm in the US and Canada. At the same time, they can eat and expel up to their body weight every day. Earthworms fit into one of three classes based on their burrowing capabilities and the environments they inhabit: anecic, endogeic, and epigeic. You may need at least a pound of compost worms to start a compost bin. Write for us! Also, they can stand really hot temperatures ranging from 45 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit. It has my thumbs up! Compost is prepared from farm and town scraps such as vegetable and animal refuse and waste, weeds, crop stubble, clippings, rice hulls, forest litter, etc. Because endogeic worms consume organic matter well below the surface, they are also not considered good composting worms. We're always looking to improve our articles to help you become an even better gardener. While it can be (and is) used for fishing, often bait dealers (and fishermen) prefer its larger … 1. You need to add carbon materials to your compost pile to provide energy for microorganisms while they break down your organic matter. Designed primarily for food scraps, worm farm composting is a faster process that produces rich castings (vermi-cast) and liquid fertiliser.Your population of worms will double every 2–3 months, they can eat their own body weight in food organics in 24 hours, and can live for 2–3 years. So, you mustn’t accidentally leave the lid open. I need newborn steps in getting started as a current city dweller! RELATED: A Homesteader’s Guide to Composting | How To Compost Tutorial. Required fields are marked *. Since you canâ t find such worms in regular garden soil, it is best to order them from a local supplier or the internet. Each has its pros and cons. Worm tubes consist of 6-inch (15 cm.) One pound of mature worms (approximately 800-1,000 worms) can eat up to half a pound of organic material per day. Households, farms, restaurants, schools, offices and places of business produce compostable materials. And to be extra safe, during the first few days of creating a worm bin, observe what the worms are eating or avoiding. These take a little longer to produce a batch of compost since they are much more difficult to aerate. I created Epic Gardening to help teach 10,000,000 people how to grow anything, no matter where they live in the world. Steve will be posting here about worms and worm composting more in the future. While it is a voracious composting worm, it prefers warmer, more tropical climates. These nightcrawlers can grow almost as big as worms that you can use for fishing. As African Nightcrawlers work different depths than Red Wigglers, some of my customers at the Urban Worm Company tell me they use both species in the Urban Worm Bag to great effect. They are not burrowers and would not survive in most garden soils, especially those heavy in clay. Also, these worms can grow as long as one to five inches in length, and a quarter of an inch in width. This mix is naturally subject to some seasonal variation. Setting goals is very important. These nightcrawlers are similar to the red wigglers because they are also easy to raise and reproduce. Endogeic earthworms are horizontal “upper soil” burrowers who also rarely come to the surface, except to forage for food.  The Alabama Jumper or the Amynthas Gracilis, are native to Asia. To grow the worms, you would only need to feed them with organic scraps once every week or every other week. Composting is a biological process in which both aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms decompose the organic matter. Copyright © 2016 HomesteadSurvivalism.com. Lumbricus rubellus for example is one of them. But if you find a retailer who sells them, you can expect 800-1000 per pound. Our compost worm products are suitable for a variety of applications, and are suitable for a variety of climates. These nightcrawlers are also known as Eudrilus Eugeniae. Basic Types of Earthworms 4. European nightcrawlers are also known as Eisenia Hortensis. Since you can’t find such worms in regular garden soil, it is best to order them from a local supplier or the internet. Euros tend to work in cooler climates, African Nightcrawlers need it to be warmer, and Red Wigglers tend to do well in all but the most extreme environments. While you're here, why not follow us on Facebook and YouTube?  At the same time, according to Wikipedia, these worms can grow much larger like the Alabama Jumper. Bag Concentrated (10 lbs. Follow us on Instagram, Twitter, Pinterest, and Facebook! Anecic worms like the common nightcrawlers (binomial name lumbricus terrestris) are excellent for your garden soil because they are strong enough to burrow in deep, compact soil, adding to the water distribution network beneath the surface. A wormery is easy to maintain, helps reduce the amount of organic waste that you throw away and is a great choice for anyone who loves gardening. Types Of Earth Worms. It’s also the easiest to purchase and is almost always cheaper than the other species. They go up to the surface to eat and can attempt to jump their way out of the bins. Read more about them below. It can’t get much more basic than this: do you want to make compost indoors or out? To give you a short answer, you can’t use any type of earthworm. Which Species of Worms Are Good for Vermicomposting? They are easy to maintain and does not need to be checked out every day. Cutting Edge. It is very easy to create a worm farm. The European Nightcrawler (binomial name eisenia hortensis)  is the larger cousin of the Red Wiggler. Both types feed on vegetable waste, compost, and organic bedding. And of those, only 4 are readily available in the US. Some parasites can survive worm composting, although hot composting should kill everything. They come from the same species of annelids in the class Oligochaeta but have adapted to their individual roles in our soil. This process recycles various organic materials otherwise regarded as waste products and produces a soil conditioner (the compost).. Compost is rich in nutrients. A lot of homesteaders also acknowledge red wigglers as the prolific type. There are four main species of compost worms available: Eisenia fetida. Types of compost worm. Now most worm farmers in the US do not culture the Indian Blue intentionally, so it is difficult to purchase them. 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