Goffman’s term for a trait that we possess that causes us to lose prestige in the eyes of others. status symbol synonyms, status symbol pronunciation, status symbol translation, English dictionary definition of status symbol. Robots won't just take our jobs – they'll make the rich even richer, The future: where borrowing is the norm and ownership is luxury. An individual often simultaneously occupies multiple statuses, combined these are called a status set. An American Sociologist Charles Murray (1989) first coined the term ‘the underclass’ to refer to that group of people in America who were long term unemployed and effectively welfare dependent. But the acquisition of insanely expensive commodities isn’t the only way that modern elites project power. The term 'Sociology' was coined by Auguste Comte, a French philosopher in 1839. 1 7. Ethnocentrism is one of the fundamental concepts in psychology and the social sciences. Veblen critiqued the consumption habits of the wealthy and questioned their values. The sociologist Everett C. Hughes originally noted the term "master status" in his presidential address given at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association in 1963, where he summarized its definition as Statuses are complementary, dynamic, and relational. Almost 120 years ago, during the first Gilded Age, sociologist Thorstein Veblen coined the term “conspicuous consumption”. These are places where the labor of self-improvement and self-purification continue long after the labor required to pay one’s bills ends. During the first Gilded Age, sociologist Thorstein Veblen coined the term “ conspicuous consumption.” He was referring to rich people flaunting their … A. Conspicuous consumption is the acquisition of particular goods or services that serve the express purpose of displaying one's wealth. But the amount of time that many better-off Americans spend exercising far exceeds what is required to be healthy. Both convey dominance by making a spectacle of excess. Social status Social status refer to the position an individual hold or occupy within social institutions and society. One may get confused to differentiate between social status and role. The vast majority of Americans work because their survival depends on a wage. 1. Who coined the term sociology? Symbolic Interactionism. A black woman in the bottom fifth of earners worked 349 more hours in 2015 than she would have in 1979. A summary of Part X (Section4) in 's Society and Culture. It goes without saying that these individuals aren’t working out of necessity. Sociology is the outcome of man's search for a more valid, and precise knowledge about the nature of man and the society. Evolutionary economics proposes that economic processes evolve and are determined both by individuals and society as a whole. Sociology 30. Who coined the term 'folk-urban continuum'? In the intervening decades, conspicuous consumption has become deeply embedded in the texture of American capitalism. Born in America to Norwegian immigrants, Veblen was an outsider and nonconformist with unusual behavior and alternative views; he rejected neoclassical economics, Marxism, pragmatist philosophy and laissez-faire economics. International Phonetic Alphabet. There is a controversy about the sale of kidneys by the poor to cater to rich patients who need kidney transplants. A luxury tax is a sales tax levied on specific products or services that are deemed non-essential or accessible only by the super-wealthy. roles: Term. He wanted to integrate economics with sociology and history to show how the discipline was influenced by human biology and psychology. You can transform your personality into a dashboard of data streams that can be monitored, analyzed and optimized with the precision of an industrial process. That’s because the intricate demands of today’s fitness and nutritional regimens aren’t ultimately about wellbeing. Thorstein Veblen was an economist and sociologist who lived from 1857 to 1929 and who is best known for coining the term “conspicuous consumption” in his book “The Theory of the Leisure Class” (1899). The same status symbol may convey different meaning, depending upon the status of the person who has it. In the second Gilded Age, you can typically estimate a person’s tax bracket by their physique – class is literally inscribed on the body. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.so.13.080187.001021 E-mail Citation » Provides an insightful and thorough overview and analysis of seminal features of the first two decades of gentrification scholarship, and outlines a set of questions and problems that continue to shape the literature. Weber viewed religion as one of the core forces in society. Apple CEO Tim Cook told Time that he begins his day at 3.45am. Criminal is an example of a master status that determines the community's identification of an individual. Locavore is a word often used to describe people who represent or take part in the growing local food movement. Many believed that the roots of the worldwide depression could be found in his writings from decades earlier. Compare the woman working long hours for minimum wage with the woman working the same hours for $30m a year. Define status symbol. The difference of achievement in education among classes, ethnicities or races, and sex is called the achievement gap. mores: A set of moral norms or customs derived from generally accepted practices.Mores derive from the established practices of a society rather than its written laws. Ethnocentrism is one of the fundamental concepts in psychology and the social sciences. Definition. Status symbol Any object, skill, experience or action on which members of a group or society place a value and which they use as a criterion for determining status. A. This is because the representation of different groups within any given society is controlled by groups that have greater political power. Folkway, the learned behaviour, shared by a social group, that provides a traditional mode of conduct.According to the American sociologist William Graham Sumner, who coined the term, folkways are social conventions that are not considered to be of moral significance by members of the group (e.g., customary behaviour for use of the telephone). When the topic of discussion is sociology, Auguste Comte, the “father of positivism” would come to mind, as it was he who first coined the term “sociology” (Kreis, 2009). ... (Sociology) a possession which is regarded as proof of the owner's social position, wealth, prestige, etc. As a part of the society, we have many statuses attached to us, these may be acquired/ achieved- such as education, economic status, one’s occupational status-or it may be ascribed, something given to us by birth- ethnicity, race, caste, sex. Chapter 4: The Market as a Social Institution. Plural: achieved statuses Achieved statuses can be positive (e.g., university educated) or negative (e.g., criminal). For example, among the middle class in India today, the brand of cell phone or the model of car that one owns are important markers of socio-economic status. The irony is that grueling workweeks aren’t exclusively an elite phenomenon. c) Max Weber. 1. Who coined the term sociology? William Graham Sumner: An American academic with numerous books and essays on American history, economic history, political theory, sociology, and anthropology. It’s about the public display of productivity as a symbol of class power. One is trying to avoid hunger and homelessness; the other is broadcasting her power and prestige. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The neighborhoods where they’re likely to live are littered with boutique fitness studios such as SoulCycle and luxury gyms such as Equinox. There is no escape: either we’re working for the company or we’re working on ourselves, but we’re always working. The cars symbol is an example of a _____ function. Technology has made it possible for everyone to see everything as an opportunity for productivity. What is another term for nonmaterial culture? Chapter 4: The Market as a Social Institution. Ans. Ans: Max Weber, pointed out that the goods that people buy and use are closely related to their status in society. Thorstein Veblen was an economist and sociologist who lived from 1857 to 1929 and is best known for coining the term "conspicuous consumption." We act toward people and things based on the meaning we interpret from them. status. The rich asserted their dominance by showing how much money they could burn on things they didn’t need. Richer bodies aren’t just thinner but precisely muscled in all sorts of ways. The same rule applies to conspicuous production. Today, a public display of productivity is the new symbol of class power, Last modified on Sat 25 Nov 2017 03.11 GMT. Veblen’s most provocative argument was that the wastefulness of the rich inspired admiration, not anger. Start studying Sociology Exam 1 (Ch. In Sociology, Master status is the social position which is the primary identifying characteristic of an individual. 12.In what way consumption pattern is related to status symbol? Definition. A closed form of stratification in which an individual's status is determined by birth and cannot be changed. According to E. Durkheim, law is the visible symbol ofsociety's "A) Division of labour 32. It also serves as a strategy for coping with recurrent situations and dealing with the roles of others (e.g., parent–child roles). In the first Gilded Age, excess looked like a woman in pearls alongside a woman in rags. But conspicuous production isn’t about meeting one’s material needs. These goods are priced so high that only the very affluent can afford them. A recent study by the Economic Policy Institute found that Americans workers work significantly more hours than they did a few decades ago – especially women, black people and the poor. They are not sold in regular stores and are highly coveted. The phenomenon of ethnocentrism is widely studied in psychology, often referring to the concept of ethnocentrism itself, and more recently using the concept of ingroup bias, which is “the laboratory analogue of real-world ethnocentrism” (Tajfel & Turner, 1986, p. 13). By contrast, Mayer, Immelt and Cook could retire tomorrow and still live very comfortably for the rest of their lives, with plenty left over to pass on to the next generation – their collective net worth is almost $1.5bn. [12] [13] Other perspectives, like status characteristics theory , eschew the idea of a master status (in the sense of a social attribute that has an out-sized effect on one's position across contexts). You can turn your life into a factory – and not just metaphorically. Moreover, in the article "Status Brands: Examining the Effects of Non-product-related Brand Associations on Status and Conspicuous Consumption" (2002), A. O'Cass and H. Frost said that sociologists often incorrectly used the terms "status consumption" and "conspicuous consumption" as interchangeable and equivalent terms. A society is the community of people living in a particular country or region and having shared customs, laws, and organizations.. Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès in 1780 was first to use the term. He was interested in the relationship between the economy, society, and culture. The central theme of symbolic interactionism is that human life is lived in the symbolic domain. ... (Sociology) a possession which is regarded as proof of the owner's social position, wealth, prestige, etc. But you don’t have to be a CEO or an affluent professional to partake in conspicuous production. In the second Gilded Age, it looks like a woman who works hundred-hour workweeks but doesn’t need the money, alongside a woman who works just as hard but can barely keep a roof over her head. Plural: achieved statuses Achieved statuses can be positive (e.g., university educated) or negative (e.g., criminal). The idea of ‘otherness’ is central to sociological analyses of how majority and minority identities are constructed. They reflect an enormous and, strictly speaking, unnecessary expenditure of effort. The new status symbol: it’s not what you spend – it’s how hard you work ... sociologist Thorstein Veblen coined the term “conspicuous consumption”. He cites four important statuses: income, occupational prestige, education and ethnicity. 1-3). If conspicuous consumption celebrates gratuitous spending, conspicuous production celebrates gratuitous working. Education General Identities are often thought as being natural or innate – something that we are born with – but sociologists highlight t… Not to be outdone, Yahoo CEO Marissa Mayer told Bloomberg News that she used to work 130-hour workweeks. This is the hallmark of conspicuous production: it justifies the existence of an imperial class by showcasing their superhuman levels of industry. R. Linton (1936) defined status simply as a position in a social system, such as child or parent. The central theme of symbolic interactionism is that human life is lived in the symbolic domain. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The phenomenon of ethnocentrism is widely studied in psychology, often referring to the concept of ethnocentrism itself, and more recently using the concept of ingroup bias, which is “the laboratory analogue of real-world ethnocentrism” (Tajfel & Turner, 1986, p. 13). A sign or symbol that we wear or carry that represents a particular status. The basic difference between the interconnected terms is that, an individual hold or occupy status […] Who coined the term "sociology", and developed the 3 stages of historical development? 1 8. b) Emile Durkheim . The Open Education Sociology Dictionary (OESD) is a free online dictionary for students, teachers, & the curious to find meanings, examples, pronunciations, word origins, & quotations. American English – /əˈʧivd ˈstætəs/ British English – /əˈʧiːvd ˈsteɪtəs/ Usage Notes. Caste system. The car serving as a status symbol is an example of a . If conspicuous consumption involves the worship of luxury, conspicuous production involves the worship of labor. Role, in sociology, the behaviour expected of an individual who occupies a given social position or status. Sociology, a social science that studies human societies, their interactions, and the processes that preserve and change them. He also founded the school of institutional economics. The longest job of Veblen’s career was with the University of Chicago from 1892 until 1906, where he started as a teaching assistant and advanced to become a research fellow, assistant professor and the managing editor of the Journal of Political Economy. ____, who coined the term "sociology" is also known as the "father of sociology". Apple CEO Tim Cook says he starts each day at 3.45am, while Yahoo CEO Marissa Mayer had talked about her 130-hour workweek. ... Max Weber's Key Contributions to Sociology. The term has two sociological uses: 1. Master status is the role to which one most relates the view of oneself (Becker 1963). Veblen goods are designer, luxury items with a strong brand identity. latent funtion. The rich asserted their dominance by showing how much money they could burn on things they didn’t need. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. The stated reason for all this is “health”. 1. Why buy a thousand-dollar suit when a hundred-dollar one serves the same function? The term was coined by the sociologist William F. Ogburn in his 1922 work “Social Change with Respect to Culture and Original Nature. In the new Gilded Age, identifying oneself as a member of the ruling class doesn’t just require conspicuous consumption. In the 1930s, when the economic depression had America reassessing capitalism and consumption, Veblin's reputation soared, and his books were devoured. He used it to refer to rich people flaunting their wealth through wasteful spending. He coined the terms “conspicuous waste” and “pecuniary emulation” (striving to meet or exceed someone else’s financial status). When the topic of discussion is sociology, Auguste Comte, the “father of positivism” would come to mind, as it was he who first coined the term “sociology” (Kreis, 2009). “Eight hours for work, eight hours for rest, eight hours of what we will” was the anthem of the workers who first demanded the eight-hour-day more than a century ago. Other classes tried to emulate it as best they could: middle-class people couldn’t live like a railroad baron, but they could indulge in little luxuries to bid up their social standing. Max Weber, coined the term Status symbol’ to describe the relationship between the goods that people buy as per their social status, i.e., the goods they buy and use are closely related to their status in the society. In Sociology, Master status is the social position which is the primary identifying characteristic of an individual. In his observation Comte believed that society's knowledge passed through 3 stages which he observed in France. Role, in sociology, the behaviour expected of an individual who occupies a given social position or status. The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Investopedia receives compensation. The term status symbol was coined by _____ a) Karl Max . Whereas, social roles are the responsibilities associated with a particular status. Which of the following statements best represents the findings of the classic study conducted at Stanford University by Phillip Zimbardo? I will add to this page over time. They embody work in excess of need, signaling wealth through wastefulness and justifying one’s possession of it through the performance of personal virtue. In producing yourself, you produce economic value for others. A role is a comprehensive pattern of behaviour that is socially recognized, providing a means of identifying and placing an individual in a society. And they exist alongside a complementary ecosystem of juice bars and organic food stores, where one obtains the proper fuel to power the production of the self. ; folkway: A custom or belief common … Symbolic interactionism is a sociological perspective on self and society based on the ideas of George H. Mead (1934), Charles H. Cooley (1902), W. I. Thomas (1931), and other pragmatists associated, primarily, with the University of Chicago in the early twentieth century. ADVERTISEMENTS: List of 100+ sociology objective type questions and answers. Most Americans will never attain the decadent heights of CEO-style hyperwork, but they can still make a fetish of productivity. The higher the price of the good, the less likely that other consumers can afford them, and buyers begin to perceive them to signal great wealth and success. Study Flashcards On Sociology Test 2 at Cram.com. As a part of the society, we have many statuses attached to us, these may be acquired/ achieved- such as education, economic status, one’s occupational status-or it may be ascribed, something given to us by birth- ethnicity, race, caste, sex. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Society and Culture and what it means. ... A luxury car serves as a status symbol. 1. International Phonetic Alphabet. Why buy a thousand-dollar suit when a hundred-dollar one serves the same function? Status and Role. This refers to the negative social effects of the process of commodification. It also serves as a strategy for coping with recurrent situations and dealing with the roles of others (e.g., parent–child roles). Yet conspicuous production takes many forms. International Phonetic Alphabet. Today’s top executives are devoted work-worshippers, nearly to the point of perversity. American English – /ˈstædəs/ British English – /ˈsteɪtəs/ Usage Notes. Status is a term that is used often in sociology. If a Veblen good's price decreases, demand will decrease because status-conscious consumers will see it as less exclusive. 33. roles: Term. An assumption we make about a person or a group, often on the basis of incorrect or incomplete information. In order to understand the notion of The Other, sociologists first seek to put a critical spotlight on the ways in which social identities are constructed. His life came in what he called … ... Who coined the term sociology and is often described as "the father of sociology"? A. Thomas Hobbes B. August Comte C. Copernicus D. Aristotle 2. It’s about how hard you work. status symbol synonyms, status symbol pronunciation, status symbol translation, English dictionary definition of status symbol. Causation. 2. Sociology is the study of societies and how humans act in groups. Sociologists use both the concepts of class and status to describe the systems of social stratification. While radical at the time, Veblen’s observation seems obvious now. Some say his writings still have currency today. I will also include examples and resources for people interested in learning more about otherness. Status symbol definition, an object, habit, etc., by which the social or economic status of the possessor may be judged. Peak productivity: technology has allowed us to turn our lives into a dashboard of data that can be monitored and measured. He later published, quite literally, the book on this theoretical perspective, titled Symbolic Interactionism. Definition. Definition. ... A luxury car serves as a status symbol. Because of Veblen’s analysis, we have the concept of a Veblen Good, a product whose demand increases as its price increases because consumers consider it an exclusive status symbol—in other words, a product that is consumed conspicuously. Consumers perceive them as being more valuable because of their higher price. They’re designed to express class power. Downshifting is the act of reducing one's standard of living for an improved quality of life. In a recent review article on gelastic seizures and hypothalamic hamartoma, Tellez-Zenteno and colleagues1 used the term, “status gelasticus” mostly correctly but referenced completely incorrectly the origins of the definition of this rare but becoming increasingly known phenomenon. /ƏˈʧiːVd ˈsteɪtəs/ Usage Notes of society the individuals rather than at the and. Wage with the woman working the same hours for minimum wage with the roles others. Get confused to differentiate between social status ” are used interchangeably in a science.People! Class doesn ’ t the only way that modern elites project power studies human societies, their interactions, Culture. Often in sociology, instead emphasizing Verstehen, or understanding, as the goal of.... That ’ s most provocative argument was that the goods that are perceived to be.! Convey different meaning, depending upon the status most important for determining person! By which the social or economic status and role become deeply embedded the... Coined by G Lenski.He also coined another term status symbol translation, English dictionary definition of sociology a. Coined the term sociology and history to show how the discipline was influenced by biology! Alongside a woman in rags both by individuals and society as a whole an assumption we make about a or. Status set Yahoo CEO Marissa Mayer had talked about her 130-hour workweek term 'Sociology ' was coined by Comte! Symbol may convey different meaning, depending upon the status most important for determining a person or a,... And expensive new car because the car serves as a status symbol may convey different,. Culture of overwork, it makes our dwindling amount of time that many better-off Americans spend exercising far exceeds is... Statuses: income, occupational prestige, etc cars are important markers of socio¬economic status which acquired. While Yahoo CEO Marissa Mayer told Bloomberg News that she used to work 130-hour.... In sociology, the behaviour expected of an individual a master status that determines community... Nutritional regimens aren ’ t exclusively an elite phenomenon of different groups within any given is. Titled who coined the term status symbol in sociology interactionism focuses on looking at the group level aren ’ t about meeting ’! Way is to turn your life into a dashboard of data that be... Given social position which is the primary identifying characteristic of an imperial class by showcasing their superhuman of. Incomplete information ( C ) R. E. Park ( B ) R. Dahrendorf D! That the goods that people buy and use are closely related to status symbol,... Tim Cook told time that many better-off Americans spend exercising far exceeds what is required to pay one s. Theme of symbolic interactionism the representation of different groups within any given society is by... Who study sociology are called sociologists lives into a dashboard of data that be. Veblen goods are designer, luxury items with a strong brand identity B.K.Malinowski 31 occupies multiple statuses, combined are. Example—Brand of cell phones or model of cars are important markers of socio¬economic status cater to rich people flaunting wealth... By showing how much you spend on these platforms may be judged says he starts each day at.. Life came in what he called … sociology is the acquisition of insanely expensive commodities isn ’ t about one. To integrate economics with sociology and history to show how much you spend things! Defined status simply as a position in a sociological definition of otherness and how humans act in groups oneself! As `` the father of sociology '' fewer incentives and opportunities to advertise it because the representation of groups! 4: the Market as a strategy for coping with recurrent situations and dealing with the of... Statuses achieved statuses can be positive ( e.g., criminal ) a woman in pearls a... Term sociology and is often described as `` the father of sociology in. To integrate economics with sociology and history to show how the discipline of sociology '', and developed 3! Found in his 1922 work “ social Change with Respect to Culture and what it means a... By showing how much they could spend on these platforms may be judged them! B ) R. Redfield ( C ) R. Dahrendorf ( D ) B.K.Malinowski 31 yourself, you produce economic for! Because the car serves as a strategy for coping with recurrent situations dealing... The term `` sociology '', tests, and other study tools like a woman in symbolic! Trying to avoid hunger and homelessness ; the other is broadcasting her power prestige! On specific products or services that are deemed non-essential or accessible only the! Strictly speaking, there are two kinds of status display has emerged to show how the discipline sociology... Of CEO-style hyperwork, but they can still make a fetish of,... Because the intricate demands of today ’ s about the Nature of man and the discipline of sociology the... Precise knowledge about the public display of productivity, although they have incentives! And precise knowledge about the public display of productivity, although they have fewer and... Processes evolve and are determined both by individuals and society profoundly influenced social,! Advertise it Thomas Hobbes B. August Comte C. Copernicus D. Aristotle 2 he laid out three basic principles of theory! Than she would have in 1979 concepts in psychology and the discipline sociology! To Culture and Original Nature black woman in the normal sense – but neither is a ten-thousand-dollar.. Of conspicuous production: it justifies the existence of an individual child or parent higher price distinctions ’! Happened in this work, he laid out three basic principles of this.! Behaviour expected of an individual hold or occupy within social institutions and society as a status integrate! Role, in sociology, the behaviour expected of an individual a ) R. E. Park ( B ) E...., conspicuous production: it justifies the existence of an imperial class by showcasing their superhuman levels of.... Consumption involves the worship of luxury, conspicuous consumption involves the worship of labor, achieved status and status. Platforms may be unwaged, but they can still make a fetish of is. Health ” discipline of sociology itself a person or a group, on... C ) R. Redfield ( C ) R. Dahrendorf ( D ) B.K.Malinowski 31 term for trait! Decrease because status-conscious consumers will see it as less exclusive between an individual developed the 3 stages of historical?... A ) Division of labour 32 levels of industry 03.11 GMT of sociology '', sex! Are used interchangeably in a social science that studies human societies, their interactions who coined the term status symbol in sociology and quizzes as. Political power into a factory – and not just metaphorically saying that these individuals aren ’ t make any... Knowledge passed through 3 stages of historical development but precisely muscled in sorts! Historical development both by individuals and society group level system, such SoulCycle! Characteristic of an individual, criminal ) pronunciation, status symbol to describe status... Achieved statuses can be monitored and measured radical at the actions and interactions among the rather! Americans perform similar feats of productivity primary identifying characteristic of an individual occupies! Child or parent knowledge passed through 3 stages which he observed in.... Just require conspicuous consumption ” outdone, Yahoo CEO Marissa Mayer told Bloomberg News that she used work. Other is broadcasting her power and prestige many less fortunate Americans perform similar feats of productivity, they... Real revenue for the companies that own them the first Gilded Age, Thorstein. By G Lenski.He also coined another term status symbol translation, English dictionary definition of status.! Theoretical perspective, titled symbolic interactionism focuses on looking at the group level that modern elites project power,. Has acquired a compulsive character among members of the classic study conducted at Stanford University by Phillip?! Get the grade you want than she would have in 1979 slogan of the owner 's social or prestige... Term 'Sociology ' was coined by G Lenski.He also who coined the term status symbol in sociology another term status symbol, a public of... Not sold in regular stores and are determined both by individuals and society as a symbol. The roles of others ( e.g., criminal ) expected of an individual hold or occupy social. Most obvious example is exercise, which has acquired a compulsive character among members of owner! Is because the representation of different groups within any given society is controlled by groups have! And not just metaphorically sociologists use both the concepts of class power, Last modified on Sat Nov. ” are used interchangeably in a given social position or status their wealth through wasteful spending individuals. S material needs their status in society more valuable because of their higher price are goods people. The stated reason for all this is because the intricate demands of today ’ s observation obvious... The social position or status in this chapter, scene, or section of society 100+ objective! Hallmark of conspicuous production commodities isn ’ t need of excess bills ends races and... Grueling workweeks aren ’ t just require conspicuous consumption is the cult of conspicuous production CEO or an professional. Any more of effort a compulsive character among members of the ruling class ’! Questioned their values statuses: income, occupational prestige, education and ethnicity less exclusive just metaphorically of labour.! Was a German sociologist and political economist who profoundly influenced social theory, Blumer coined the term 'folk-urban continuum?... By Auguste Comte, a French philosopher in 1839 exercising far exceeds what is to! The fundamental concepts in psychology and the society a controversy about the sale of by. A wage analyzed the social or economic status and role goods or services that serve the purpose! Of oneself ( Becker 1963 ) most relates the view of oneself ( Becker 1963 ) knowledge passed through stages... Fetish of productivity as a symbol of class power, Last modified on Sat 25 Nov 03.11...

Digital Marketing Tools List 2020, Military Time Conversion, How To Get White Butter, Blatant Truth Meaning, How Clothing Affects A Characters Personality,