musclewood. Carpinus caroliniana is an understory tree found in the woods often near rivers or streams. The reference to muscle relates to the tree's characteristic fluted trunk and branches that look like muscle tissue. Its canopy and dense branching provide nesting habitat to many bird species. Firespire® Musclewood is an excellent choice for a screening plant due to … It is quite similar in scale and form to Cornus mas ‘Golden Glory’. noun. “As a general rule, we recommend not planting more than 10 percent of a species. However, confusion arises with this common name because another lovely, small native tree—Ostrya virginiana—is also known as ironwood. Graceful in all seasons, Carpinus caroliniana often produces a luminous display of colour in the fall. In autumn, the musclewood’s green leaves turn a vibrant orange or red, a picture perfect image of fall’s beauty. Because it has very hard wood, it is also … It looks a lot like a muscle, so it’s easy to identify it once you see it a few times.”. The tree’s seeds hang in clusters of three-lobed bracts. The leaves change to a fiery orange and red that is just gorgeous,” Howard exclaims. By using this site, you agree to the use of cookies by Flickr and our partners as described in our cookie policy. Nom latin : Carpinus caroliniana Walt. If you’re not as in love as Howard, there’s many other options for fall color. Carpinus caroliniana - Blue Beech/Musclewood - Field Production. Meditations on Musclewood However, in my experience this can be overcome easily. Catherine's garden design, build and maintenance business is thriving and she has successfully insinuated many native plants into clients' landscapes. The Hornbeam grows throughout eastern North American, from Florida to Quebec, Louisiana north to Ontario It is also found in Texas, Arkansas, central and southern Mexico, Guatemala, Rub pappery wing off nutlet Plant Selections introduction, Firespire® Musclewood is an upright form of Musclewood with outstanding orange-red fall color. The foliage, bark, and fruits are important food for … In fact, Iowa Department of Natural Resources Forestry research found that about one-third of public trees are maples. It has thrived under my mature apple tree and now is approaching ten feet after three years. 2019 Plant Sale Advance Ordering is now finished, How to Start Gardening with Native Plants, Flowers and Food: Growing Edible Native Plants, Lorraine Johnson, Propagating Native Plants: Getting Your Seeds to Grow, Stefan Weber, The Wild and Wonderful World of Bees, Laurence Packer. Carpinus caroliniana (American hornbeam or musclewood) is an attractive but seldom-utilized native tree that excels in small landscapes, especially in moister and shadier situations. Le charme de Caroline [1] (Carpinus caroliniana) est un petit arbre atteignant 15 mètres de hauteur, rarement 20 m, 8 m de largeur, à tronc très tordu, à écorce lisse ; feuilles (6-10 cm) ovées-oblongues, un peu asymétriques ; bractées (longueur à la maturité, 25 mm) trilobées et fortement nervées ; nucule (4 mm). The American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is a deciduous hardwood shade tree that's native to eastern North America.It is part of the Betulaceae (birch) family and has several nicknames, including blue beech, muscle beech, water beech, muscletree, musclewood, and ironwood. It can be found naturally in areas with moist soil including streambanks, riverbanks, and maritime forests. “Musclewood is a great alternative to maple, and we need more diversity in the tree population,” Howard said. This site uses cookies to improve your experience and to help show ads that are more relevant to your interests. Height and Spread. a) A common name for the species Carpinus caroliniana, a species of deciduous tree. Carpinus caroliniana Walt. In fact, Iowa Department of Natural Resources Forestry research found that about one-third of public trees are maples. A Johnson’s Nursery origination; J.N. Carpinus is the classical Latin name for the Hornbeam, and comes from “carpentum” a Roman horse-drawn vehicle with hard-wood wheels. Considerations: Said to be difficult to transplant as it does not tolerate root disturbance. Firespire® Musclewood Carpinus caroliniana ‘J.N. Upright branching habit as a youngster and develops a round head with age. My mother in particular is a natural storyteller and passed to her children many of the stories she learned about the plants we encountered on these walks. Catherine Siddall lives and gardens in Toronto, where she is a long-time member of the Toronto and Parkdale Horticultural Societies. I never noticed it as a kid, but now I see it a lot on forested slopes with rocky outcroppings,” Howard said. hornbeam, Carpinus caroliniana. My mother and father have always been interested in nature, and we often took family “woods walks” when I was a child. Mother told us it was called musclewood because of its sinewy, elongated, fluted shapes resembling muscles, especially with its smooth bark. Worth seeking out, Carpinus caroliniana will reward you with year-round, trouble-free beauty. “I fell in love with the species because it has this smooth white-gray bark with ripples. It is whitish, extremely hard, and heavy and has been used for making mallet … The leaf underside is brighter. All rights reserved. The leaf margin is serrated . Your gifts are tax deductible to the fullest extent allowed by law. catégorie : arbuste, petit arbre à l'écorce gris clair. Plant Type. Hazelnut family (Corylaceae) Description:This small tree usually has a single trunk that is often crookedand a broad rounded crown; it is up to 35' tall. virginiana American hornbeam Legal Status. It was Carpinus caroliniana—also commonly known as blue beech because of its smooth, grey-blue bark resembling a beech’s bark. Nom commun : Charme d'Amérique, Charme de Caroline, Bois de fer*, Bois dur, nommé par les anglophones 'American hornbeam, Ironwood, Musclewood'. Current Forest Inventory and Analysis. The growth habits vary from specimen to specimen with some being multi-stemmed and others having one straight trunk. The bend in the trunk seems to have straightened, and the tree is developing nicely. No time to lose. The leaves are alternate with a doubly toothed margin. The musclewood is native to Iowa and is a great choice for interesting bark and gorgeous fall color. I also remember fondling the bulging “muscles” of a favourite small tree with smooth bark and an arching canopy. Musclewood, ironwood, American hornbeam, blue beech, or water beech, Carpinus caroliniana has many common names because of its hard wood, smooth bark, and favored habitats. Mature Height: 20 to 35 feet (1) Mature Width: 20 to 35 feet (1) Maximum Circumference: 68 inches (11) Maximum DBH: 22 inches (11) Growth Rate: slow (1) Crown Form: oval … Hornbeam refers to the dense, horn-like wood, and the use of the wood to make beams and ox-yokes. “The musclewood’s fall color is stunning. Musclewood is a relatively small, slow-growing, and short-lived tree which usually grows in the understory of our mixed-hardwood forests. All rights reserved.Trees Forever, Inc. is a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization. In Minnesota, it is found in the understory in forests of maple, basswood, oak, cherry and white birch. As I have learned since my childhood explorations in the woods, it is better to make the effort to learn at least some botanical Latin. She is also a partner in Siddall and Cope, which offers services to groups wanting to establish community gardens or naturalization projects. Iowa's Living Roadways Community Visioning, Landowners Guide to Perennial Crop Options, Iowa's Living Roadways Celebration Resources. (The simple leaves are also somewhat similar to a beech, but there the similarities end.) To add to the confusion, Guy Sternberg and Jim Wilson, in their important book, Landscaping with Native Trees, use yet another common name, hornbeam. port : étalé. Its hard wood saves it from damage from ice and wind. When a landowner wants fall foliage, he or she often turns to a maple tree. In landscapes, it works well as a small shade tree and in shady, naturalized woodlands. This helps protect our forests, both urban and rural, from tree diseases and pests.”. Musclewood trees can grow up to 30 feet tall but are usually classified as small to medium-sized trees. In early spring, yellow-green, male and fuzzy, yellow-green, female flowers mature. Howard was surprised when she first really noticed that the tree species wasn’t found very commonly in our nurseries. Recommended Uses: Retain if in the landscape. Sternberg and Wilson’s description of its “serpentine growth that can give the tree a bonsai-like appearance, looking older and more venerable than it is” reminds me of my childhood tree, which seemed to be quite bent and ancient looking. Carpinus caroliniana Walter – American hornbeam Subordinate Taxa. It is not prone to attacks from insects or disease. Carpinus is Latin for “hornbeam;” caroliniana means “of Carolina.” Common Name. ,synonyme Carpinus americana Michx. Interpretation  musclewood. Can be used as a specimen plant in areas not subject to root disturbance. Carpinus caroliniana is not often seen in the cultivated landscape but it has many merits which could make it a useful addition to a small, shady yard. She can be reached at (416) 531-2253 or siddall.c@sympatico.ca. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Carpinus caroliniana . This tree will not grow large or quickly, usually not exceeding the height of a semi-dwarf fruit tree, according to Sternberg and Wilson. The European hornbeam, however, has been used widely in landscaping in North America and Europe, and many selections with various attributes are available. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. The seeds and catkins of Fire King™ Musclewood provide food to many songbirds, grouse, and turkey. To have an upright cultivar with all these attributes is like having a birthday all year long. “It was when I was in college and first discovering forestry,” Howard said. The musclewood is native to Iowa and is a great choice for interesting bark and gorgeous fall color. As a selection of Musclewood, this tree serves as a larval host to the Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Striped Hairstreak, and White Admiral butterflies. American hornbeam: musclewood (Carpinus caroliniana) Model Reliability: Medium . © 2020 Trees Forever. Mother told us it was called musclewood because of its sinewy, elongated, fluted shapes resembling muscles, especially with its smooth bark. A tree of this species. famille : Betulaceae. Maintenance Tips: Who needs flowers with such a lovely leaf display? Find out more about other species by watching this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pM3qwp0gZO8#action=share. By Catherine Siddall. My tree’s leaves turn a warm orange-yellow colour nicely complementing the deep wine red leaves of the nearby flowering dogwood (not the native but the Korean one). 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