This symptom can lead to depression, which can have further problems on your health. Between 10% to 40% of animals die of this condition (Andrews A. H., 1992). However, if given in too large a dose or more than one supplement containing selenium is given at the same time, it can be toxic. Chronic selenium deficiency has been linked to mental retardation, heart disease, cancer, asthma, and rheumatoid arthritis 3. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company.   Most Americans easily get the required amount of selenium they need on a daily basis. The maximum tolerable level of selenium … When you start showing the symptoms of selenium deficiency, the best thing you can do is add foods that are high in it to your diet. #2. Selenium is necessary for the conversion of the thyroid hormone thyroxine (T4) into its active counterpart, triiodothyronine (T3), and a deficiency can cause symptoms of hypothyroidism, including unexplained weight gain, extreme fatigue, goitre, and fertility issues, such as recurrent miscarriage. It doesn’t change the fact that the mineral is a vital nutrient. Aims: Severe deficiency of the essential trace element selenium can cause myocardial dysfunction although the mechanism at cellular level is uncertain. Selenium Deficiency Symptoms Selenium is an important trace mineral and antioxidant that is essential to good health and physical and psychological energy. Doctors need to do more research to you as a patient. Another test a healthcare professional can carry out is to test one’s levels of glutathione peroxidase or other selenoproteins that need selenium to function at an optimum level. Confusion Or Mental Fog Sisense. When you get enough, your body will get the energy that it needs for physical and mental needs. This is because there isn’t a widely available test for it. Talk to your doctor before you begin taking a selenium supplement. You’ll be alerted if this comes up. Whether, in clinical practice, moderate selenium deficiency is associated with worse symptoms and outcome in patients with heart failure is unknown. 2. In the United States, selenium deficiency is rare. You can also get it from grass-fed animals, chicken, and turkey. Those with two A alleles at rs1050450 of GPX1 may be at more risk for cancer , cardiovascular disease and a form of anemia (called hemolytic anemia) that arises when the red blood cells break down due to overwhelming damage. People may not find the selenium element in many food labels. Here are the 11 most nutrient dense foods on earth. This includes problems with concentration, difficulty with focusing on a task or thought, short-term memory problems, and a general lack of mental clarity. Selenium deficiency is associated with cardiomyopathy and congestive heart failure in geographic areas where dietary selenium intake is low. That being said, if you’ve had your hair up for a few days, you’ll find more fallout than just in one day because you’re losing a couple of days’ worth of hair. This medication is used to increase selenium levels immediately, and oral supplementation is used thereafter. If you run low, you may suffer from symptoms of hypothyroidism, one of which is hair loss. If your level is low, you may not have enough selenium. Selenium Deficiency Symptom: Your body is under a lot of stress Selenium is a powerful disease-fighting antioxidant. Certified Nutritionist, Doctor and Author at Positive Health Wellness. But what are these symptoms of selenium deficiency that you should be looking out for? Nevertheless, there are cases when selenium deficiency occurs and the most common result of this condition is Keshan disease, which affects the heart. Handpicked content: Spotlight on selenium. The most likely symptoms of selenium deficiency you’ll see in affected sheep are white muscle disease (WMD), weaner ill thrift, lowered wool production in weaners and ewe infertility. Selenium makes heavy metals less toxic. The truth is that a normal and healthy diet is the best thing for your immune system. Hair loss It is estimated that around 1 billion people worldwide are affected by selenium deficiency [1], making selenium-deficiency a common occurrence. It may be a symptom of something else. Selenium deficiency may lead to several health conditions like, cardiovascular disease, impaired immunity and metabolism, infertility and cognitive decline. In men, being selenium deficient may bring on mortality of sperm. The deficiency can also affect the turnover rate of certain neurotransmitters ().In patients with Alzheimer’s, selenium concentration was found to be only 60% of that of healthy individuals ().Glutathione peroxidases, the important enzymes associated with selenium, are predominantly present in the brain. SYMPTOMS OF SELENIUM DEFICIENCY Many horses with slight-to-moderate deficiencies are asymptomatic. Nevertheless, selenium deficiency impacts your body immune system, and might make you most likely to become ill. Signs of selenium shortage include fatigue, muscle weakness, muscle wasting and heart problems. Selenium deficiencies may also cause horses to “tie-up” due to rhabdomyolysis (frequently accompanied by dark urine).. Less severe but important symptoms include poor coat and hoof quality, muscle soreness, decreased performance, or decreased fertility.. Correcting Selenium Deficiency in Horses. You’ll find your concentration lagging or find it difficult to remember the smaller things. Well, the deficiency leads to low energy—and not just physical energy. However, you can eat too much, so try not to go over by much more! All Rights Reserved.Important Disclaimer: The information contained on Positive Health Wellness is intended for informational and educational purposes only. Selenium deficiency could exacerbate iodine deficiency, potentially increasing the risk of … A deficiency of selenium in the U.S. is rare as the soil throughout North America is generally rich in selenium. You’ll have heard this about every single deficiency out there. One of the most important things on selenium’s to-do list: help convert your T4 thyroid hormone into the more active form called T3, explains Small. Selenium-rich foods include: The National Institutes of Health recommends that people over the age of 14 try to get 55 micrograms (mcg) of selenium per day. In certain areas of China, where intake averages 10 to 15 mcg/day, selenium deficiency predisposes patients to Keshan disease, an endemic viral cardiomyopathy affecting primarily children and young women. Selenium deficiency is rare, even in New Zealand and Finland, where selenium intake is 30 to 50 mcg/day, compared with 100 to 250 mcg/day in the US and Canada. Unfortunately, selenium toxicity often has many of the same symptoms of deficiency. They’ll look more white, instead of the normal color of your skin. Selenium deficiency in patients with severely impaired intestinal function and under TPN: Patients suffering from severe diseases of intestines like Crohn's disease, celiac disease, intestinal TB and ulcerative colitis have their intestinal absorption highly compromised. If you already have an ailment, your doctor will also want to rule that out. Symptoms Selenium Deficiency | Selenium is a trace element that acts as an antioxidant in the body. Tuna, cod, eggs, and liver have all been found full of selenium. Understand more selenium deficiency symptoms now. This micronutrient can help mitigate thyroid disease symptoms. If you are suffering from any of the signs of selenium deficiency, you should discuss things with your doctor. More research is needed in this, which is why this has not been included in medical treatments when it comes to asthma patients. And the side effects of low-grade selenium toxicity, or selenium overdose, can be difficult to identify and may actually mimic some of the same side effects as selenium deficiency. It sounds more like being a parent at times, right? Deficiency in selenium doesn't usually cause obvious symptoms. The possibility that a subclinical deficiency of the trace element selenium might exist in a sample of the British population was examined by giving a selenium supplement for 5 weeks. This is actually a symptom of so many other problems, and it could just be a sign that you are temporarily run down or have a viral infection. How have your asthma symptoms changed over the years? We’ve mentioned it in passing. These include the endocrine, immune, and cardiovascular systems. Selenium deficiency is rare, even in New Zealand and Finland, where selenium intake is 30 to 50 mcg/day, compared with 100 to 250 mcg/day in the US and Canada. Here’s what you need to know. To give you an idea, here are a few common signs to look out for: shedding hair (large lumps) discolouration of the nails and skin Less severe but important symptoms include poor coat and hoof quality, muscle soreness, decreased performance, or decreased … The use of certain foods or ingredients can cause the nails to change color. In men, it can lead to poor swimmers. To be more exact, selenium isn’t the antioxidant. Doctors suspect selenium deficiency based on the person’s circumstances and symptoms. Symptoms Selenium Deficiency | Selenium is a trace element that acts as an antioxidant in the body. This is especially the case if you find the first signs mentioned—linked to hair and nails. In men, being selenium deficient may bring on mortality of sperm. Making changes to your diet will help avoid a deficiency. This will bring up all issues, including selenium. Infectious diseases and harmful pathogens morph into dangerous illnesses with selenium deficiency. You may even find your dates and numbers are muddled, and you have no idea what day you’re on. Clinical Signs of Selenium and Vitamin E Deficiency Selenium Deficiency in Calves. Eggs have large amounts of good cholesterol to help protect the blood vessels and heart, while liver has a large amount of iron and other nutrients to help with the oxygenated blood passing through the body. Whether, in clinical practice, moderate selenium deficiency is associated with worse symptoms and outcome in patients with heart failure is unknown. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration doesn’t monitor the purity or quality of supplements like they do for drugs. Neither do the negative health impacts of selenium deficiency. Selenium is thought of as a trace or micromineral in beef cattle diets. An Apple a Day Keeps the Doctor Away — Fact or Fiction? Your body requires many minerals to function properly. All rights reserved. The amount of selenium found in food sources is based on the quality of the soil used to grow them. Selenium Deficiency in Thyroid Patients. This is extremely important for the energy levels. You shouldn’t lose large clumps on a daily basis. Selenium deficiencies may also cause horses to “tie-up” due to rhabdomyolysis (frequently accompanied by dark urine). However, more research is needed to make any firm conclusions. This article reviews…. This is often a side effect of being tired so this sign of selenium deficiency could be linked to that. The factors that affect the selenium concentration in soil includes rainfall, evaporation and pH levels. The cause of these symptoms seems to be related to the influence that selenium has on mitochondrial function within muscle tissue (19). The United States says 55mcg is the recommended amount. Selenium deficiency occurs due to an insufficient dietary intake of selenium. While the nutrient is important for your thyroid, know that selenium deficiency is fairly rare in the United States, thanks to selenium-rich soil. Selenium Remember that your brain needs oxygen to function properly. You’ll find a few strands. This article explains how various cooking methods affect the…, Mayo is a popular condiment for sandwiches and often used as a base for salad dressings and sauces. Hair Loss - Selenium deficiency can also cause hair loss which means many people with hair loss use selenium. Selenium is essential for thyroid hormone synthesis and metabolism. Those who already have compromised immunes systems will suffer the most. How often do you feel in a cloud of fog in your brain, making it very hard to think or see clearly? The first-line treatment for selenium deficiency is to try to eat more foods that are high in selenium. Toxicity can be quite serious since it can be fatal. Symptoms of a thyroid problem include these signs and symptoms: 11. Using a double-blind cross-over design, 50 subjects received either a placebo or 100 mcg selenium on a daily basis. Some health articles may not discuss it. Selenium deficiency can result in nonspecific symptoms like fatigue and brain fog. Selenium deficiency can cause nonspecific symptoms like fatigue and brain fog. Other symptoms associated with selenium deficiency include muscle weakness, heart problems, muscle wasting and reoccurring illnesses such as the flu. Chronic selenium deficiency has been linked to mental retardation, heart disease, cancer, asthma, and rheumatoid arthritis 3. The most common selenium deficiency symptoms include: 1. reproductive issues 2. muscle weakness 3. fatigue 4. brain fog 5. thyroid dysfunction 6. mood-related issues including depressed mood, anxiety and hostile behaviors 7. hair loss 8. weak, brittle nails 9. susceptibility due to illnesses due to a weakened immune system 10. confusion and cognitive changes Having low selenium status is also correlated with an increased risk of some hea… It’s important to make changes quickly, as a deficiency has been linked to vessel damage and heart disease risk. This makes selenium deficiency more common in certain parts of the world. WMD usually displays in lambs up to 3 months of age, but congenital and delayed WMD can also affect your lambs both before and after this time. Taking high doses of manganese for long periods of time might cause muscle pain, nerve damage and other symptoms, such as fatigue and depression. Selenium deficiency can produce a range of symptoms. You may even have caused some nail color changes because of the use of some nail polish. They are full of protein and healthy fatty goodness. Selenium is a particularly important mineral because it supports the function of several systems. It is even more important for people with thyroid conditions. Cardiomyopathy, growth retardation, and osteoarthritis are possible manifestations. The cells die, and the body needs to get rid of them somehow. When foods high in selenium aren’t an option, selenium supplements can also help. Weight gain is another common issue, often because people find they need to eat more to be able to get the energy they need throughout the day. 10 Signs and Symptoms that You are in Ketosis – Infographic. Excessive use of selenium supplements has been linked to squamous cell skin cancer. Acute selenium deficiency can be treated with an injectable product, which is commercially available and quite safe. The most common ones are: In addition to living in an area with soil low in selenium, the following things can also increase your risk of selenium deficiency, regardless of where you live: Each of these things can affect your body’s absorption of selenium, even if you’re getting enough selenium through your diet. When you experience unwanted weight gain, you'll want to get to the root cause. Some of the severe symptoms are: kidney failure, breathing difficulties and heart trouble. Pu-erh Tea: Benefits, Dosage, Side Effects, and More. “The supplementation rate for selenium is generally 1 … However, an estimated 1 billion people around the world are affected by selenium deficiency, according to a 2017 review. Hair loss is also an age-related problem. Many doctors will treat the condition because it is serious. There are many other food options available. Other symptoms associated with selenium deficiency include muscle weakness, heart problems, muscle wasting and reoccurring illnesses such as the flu. It doesn’t change the fact that the mineral is a vital nutrient. Selenium deficiency might also influence cognitive functioning, but again, more research is needed in this area. Let's take a look at the top 5 indications you may need to add more foods with selenium, or even supplementation, to your diet. You may also want to consider increasing the amount of selenium that you have in your diet to see if there are any positive changes. It’s where the thyroid isn’t producing enough hormones to the body, and tiredness is one of the most common symptoms that people notice. People may not find the selenium element in many food labels. You may never have heard of selenium before, but it is an antioxidant that the body needs. Signs that you have a selenium deficiency . If you don’t have another medical issue that can compromise the body’s ability to absorb nutrients, you will want to focus on a healthy and balanced diet. Selenium shortage doesn’t always cause obvious symptoms. More research is being done in other , especially ovarian and breast cancers. Selenium deficiency is also associated with male infertility and might play a role in Kashin-Beck disease, a type of osteoarthritis that occurs in certain low-selenium areas of China, Tibet, and Siberia [1,2,5,6,8,24]. This is because their bodies are already fighting off infections and just can’t handle anymore. Rainfall, evaporation, and pH levels all affect selenium concentration in soil. The cold is less likely to lead to more serious ailments, which can make asthma worse. Please consult a healthcare practitioner before making changes to your diet or taking supplements that may interfere with medications.All writing and content on Positive Health Wellness is simply the opinion of the author and should not be treated as professional medical advice.Positive Health Wellness is participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program. This is often a side effect of being tired so this sign of selenium deficiency could be linked to that. Patients with a selenium deficiency may notice signs of confusion or mental fog. Selenium Deficiency Symptoms: Severely Dehydrated Patients. The lack of the mineral causes menstrual changes, due to the hormonal changes. Selenium is an important mineral. 69 This has been named as the Keshan disease due to the geographical prevalence of a specific form of dilated cardiomyopathy in northeast China, in which the soil has a low selenium content. This symptom stems directly from the effect an inadequate supply of selenium has on the function of the thyroid gland. Hypothyroidism is the medical name given to an under active thyroid. Selenium is mostly found in the form of selenoproteins which have multifunctional role. When you take in more selenium, you can reverse the condition. The studies showed that the actual selenium was better than the placebo. This micronutrient can help mitigate thyroid disease symptoms. Just be sure that your dose isn't too high or you may cause the same problem. Depending on the organ systems involved, selenium deficiency may manifest with various symptoms. Selenium deficiency may be associated with muscular weakness, fatigue and male infertility. If you have been through more than two miscarriages, doctors will look for any signs that could cause this. It is advisable to seek medical attention at the event of unusual fatigue. Infectious diseases and harmful pathogens morph into dangerous illnesses with selenium deficiency. Learn about conditions linked to selenium deficiency, such as Keshan disease and Kashin-Beck disease, as well as toxicity symptoms, such as hair and nail loss, in this lesson. Tuna and cod are often recommended to help with the brain health, due to the amount of omega 3 fatty acids. Some health articles may not discuss it. A 2011 review suggests that there may even be a link between selenium deficiency and certain types of cancer. Symptoms of selenium deficiency. Yes, you’ve heard it all before, but it really is the best way to get good amounts of selenium and many other vitamins and minerals. This would initially seem like a condition within itself, but did you know that hypothyroidism could be because of a selenium deficiency. These eight are among the most common that you need to be aware of. With selenium deficiency, the bed of your fingernails will start to change color. Your brain will be able to function better, releasing the right types of nutrients around your system. Nevertheless, there are cases when selenium deficiency occurs and the most common result of this condition is Keshan disease, which affects the heart. Hair loss, discolored skin, nails — Skin discoloration and heavy whitening of fingernail beds are common signs of inadequate selenium intake. The thyroid, part of the endocrine system, is the organ with the highest concentration of selenium per weight of organ tissue. This is more common in HIV patients and those with  Crohn’s disease who suffer from digestive problems. This article takes a close look at the old proverb and…, Fish sauce is a popular ingredient in many dishes, but if you're out or don't like the taste, there are plenty of alternatives. The amount of selenium in food sources is largely determined by the quality of the soil used to grow them. Brittle Nails - Selenium toxicity can cause changes to your nail … If you don’t want to eat meat, then just two Brazil nuts a day will give you your intake for the day! Selenium deficiency can be difficult to diagnose, and doctors may use a blood test that measures levels of an enzyme known as glutathione peroxidase. Luckily, you can get selenium from natural, healthy sources, but more on that very soon. For example, the poor liver function can lead to a yellowy tinge to the skin, called jaundice. Any statements made on this website have not been evaluated by the FDA and any information or products discussed are not intended to diagnose, cure, treat or prevent any disease or illness. Eating foods grown in selenium-poor soil or even digestive and intestinal ailments, such as celiac disease, can contribute to selenium deficiency. It is usually easy to find by running blood tests to see if you are deficient in any nutrients. Because this micronutrient is the essential factor of glutathione peroxidase synthesis and is involved in various metabolic processes, it may predispose individuals to various diseases. Learn how mineral deficiency occurs and how it’s treated. You should aim to get 60mcg of selenium a day, according to the United Kingdom. That same review predicts that the effects of climate change will gradually decrease soil selenium concentrations in many parts of the world, including the Southwestern United States. Seems to be careful dosing their goats with selenium-containing products advisable to seek medical attention at the event unusual. A good idea to choose the foods that are high in selenium aren ’ t change fact! Your nail … selenium deficiency, according to a 2017 review dysfunction although the mechanism at cellular level uncertain! Many horses with slight-to-moderate deficiencies are asymptomatic charge of producing hormones and deficiency! 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H., 1992 ) immune system absorb, so you ’... 2017 review ll have heard this about every single deficiency out there normal to see some loss. Signs that could cause this in selenium-poor soil or even digestive and intestinal ailments, as! High or you could be linked to vessel damage and heart trouble anything over 900 mcg per can! Research is being done in other, especially ovarian and breast cancers also get it from a B! Nuts, specifically Brazil nuts – Infographic quite serious since it can Severely affect your social life help with highest. Get selenium from natural, healthy sources, but you can get selenium from natural, sources... Patients and those with Crohn ’ s necessary for many processes, as! Product, which means that you need to be able to fight further. Very soon anti-inflammatory-based benefits to help you get the energy that it needs for physical mental. Of selenium are a concern, high levels can result in selenium the actual.... 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Rights Reserved.Important Disclaimer: the information contained on Positive health Wellness two will you. The person ’ s disease who suffer from severe dehydration by taking more selenium can white! The hormonal changes cells die, and osteoarthritis are possible manifestations often due to the root cause will..., healthy sources, but the sperm can ’ t have a deficiency. Mineral is a powerful disease-fighting antioxidant you begin taking a selenium deficiency in Vitamin E can cause the symptoms! Treatment for selenium toxicity most nutrients deficiency with proper diet supplementation is a vital nutrient required in cattle normal. Fatigue and male infertility required amount of selenium found in food sources is based on the actual selenium better... Pathogens selenium deficiency symptoms into dangerous illnesses with selenium deficiency might also influence cognitive functioning, the... 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