The leaves can be evergreen at the more southerly end of its range. Leaves are elliptical or lance shaped with smooth edges and blunt or pointed tips. If you live in eastern North America and seek blue flowers for a dappled-shade garden featuring native plants, then woodland phlox is an excellent choice. This herbaceous perennial in the phlox family (Polemoniaceae) can be found growing in dappled shade in open woods, partially shaded meadows, and along stream banks from Quebec to Florida and west to Texas and the Rockies. You’ll need to remove the entire phlox plant from the ground, making sure to include its root ball. It is sensitive to light and should be grown under the shade with minimal exposure to the sun. A good time to divide your phlox is during the early spring, late summer, or early fall when the plant is as wide as it is tall. Phlox divaricata ‘May Breeze’ Woodland Phlox. Woodland phlox is a relative of creeping phlox, a variety that grows in sun and spreads quickly. The main differences between it and P. subulata are that its leaves are oval-shaped (rather than needle-shaped) and its flowers are produced on stems that rise 6–10 inches above the foliage (rather than directly on the foliage). A potential drawback of using it as a ground cover is that it does not stay as short as many of the more conventional ground covers. Woodland phlox grows in dappled shade in its native woodlands in eastern North America. Will usually tolerate full sun conditions in cool summer regions. It belongs to the Polemoniaceae family, as does Jacob's ladder (Polemonium caeruleum). The best part about this colorful phlox is that it prefers shade, and is tolerant of drought once established in a well-drained location. It loves shade and tolerates drought once established. It’s ideal for growing in large clumps at the edge of a border or beneath deciduous trees. LANDSCAPE USES:  This is a good Groundcover for a Wildlife Garden or Shade Garden. Woodland Phlox is perfect for a moist shady border, putting on a showy mid-spring display. Pink Flame Garden Phlox is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. Email us and one of our perennial experts will get back to you. The best planting time would be between Spring and Summer. Plant taxonomy designates woodland phlox, an herbaceous perennial, as Phlox divaricata. Butterflies also enjoy an early feast of woodland phlox flowers. It is often used as a 'filler' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination, providing a mass of flowers against which the larger thriller plants stand out. Need a bold shot of color to herald spring's arrival? If you live elsewhere but find this perennial attractive, consider trying to naturalize it in your landscape. An application of landscape mulch will help you retain moisture in the location that you have selected. Since this perennial grows wild, you may not be as familiar with it as you are with the commonly cultivated types of phlox, but they do belong to the same genus. Keep it fertilized in your landscape with compost (or with leaf mold if you want to go the extra mile). A Book About Phlox. Infertile non-flowering stems persist through the growing season and fuel the following year’s growth. It tends to be leggy, with a typical clearance of 1 foot from the ground, and should be underplanted with lower-growing perennials. This is one of the only Phlox spp. Creeping Phlox are an invaluable addition to any rock garden, foundation, or as an edger. Floriferous and the foliage stays nice. Woodland phlox is a fine groundcover for woodlands or shade gardens with moist well drained soil. Woodland Phlox At Antietam. By using The Spruce, you accept our, 1 foot or slightly taller, with a similar width, Light purple, violet, violet-blue, light blue, rosy lavender, How Woodland Phlox Looks, Smells, Behaves, All About the Different Types of Phlox Flowers, Aubrieta (False Rock Cress) Plant Profile. To propagate or reinvigorate, divide these perennials in spring. Phlox (/ ˈ f l ɒ k s /; Greek φλόξ "flame"; plural "phlox" or "phloxes", Greek φλόγες phlóges) is a genus of 67 species of perennial and annual plants in the family Polemoniaceae.They are found mostly in North America (one in Siberia) in diverse habitats from alpine tundra to open woodland and prairie.Some flower in spring, others in summer and fall. The common creeping phlox (Phlox subulata) is best if you want a low ground cover, although there is also another creeping phlox that is less well-known: P. stolonifera. Woodland phlox is an essential element of a great shade garden because it is easy to grow, colorful, and good for butterflies and hummingbirds. It is curiously absent from most of New England, though: It is native only to Vermont and Connecticut in that region. The flowers are so densely packed that it can be ha… Surely the best feature of creeping phlox is its flower production. This species is indigenous to rich deciduous woodlands, open moist to slightly dry woods, seasonal floodplains, stream banks and open areas near woodland paths. Social: My latest … another interpretation of the heartbreakingly beautiful Antietam National Battlefield … Burnside Bridge … “Woodland Phlox At Antietam” … CorelPainter2019 loosely based on one of my own photographs. Its foliage tends to remain low and dense right to the ground. Woodland Phlox Questions? Blooming occurs in early to mid-spring for about a month. Jim Locklear, a former director for Dyck Arboretum of the Plains, published in 2011 the book Phlox: A Natural History and Gardener’s Guide. This is a perennial that will spread (both vegetatively, by rooting where leaf nodes touch the ground, and by reseeding) under favorable conditions, eventually forming a colony. Seed from Clayton County, Iowa. Creeping phlox is a familiar spring-blooming creeping plant that is frequently seen in rock gardens, growing from crevices in stone walls, or planted as a ground cover to blanket areas of the ground. Will eventually form colonies. It is also considered a flower worth including in hummingbird gardens. 653 likes. Woodland Phlox Phlox divaricata laphamii Phlox family (Polemoniaceae) Description: The fertile shoots of this herbaceous perennial plant are about 1–1½' tall and unbranched, except near the apex where the flowers occur. CULTURAL & MAINTENANCE NEEDS:  Phlox divaricata flourishes in bright shade with moist rich well drained soil. Woodland Park Models - Ontario, Petersburg, Ontario. Phlox plants grow to be between 2-4 feet tall, and they can usually be divided every 3-5 years. The leaves and stems are somewhat unpalatable to deer but are often nibbled by rabbits. Water plants often the first year. Advertisement . Woodland phlox, Phlox divaricata ‘Clouds of Perfume’, can be tricky to grow but is worth the effort. Do not try to grow it in full sun. Phlox divaricata, the wild blue phlox, woodland phlox, or wild sweet william, is a species of flowering plant in the family Polemoniaceae, native to forests and fields in eastern North America. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. Indeed, the species name of divaricata translates from the Latin as "spreading.". Wild Woodland Phlox. Faunal Associations: The flowers of Woodland Phlox are cross-pollinated by bumblebees, bee flies (Bombyliidae), butterflies (especially swallowtails), skippers, and moths (including Hummingbird Clearwing & Sphinx moths). The flowering fertile shoots die back after producing seed. Woodland phlox is a fine groundcover for woodlands or shade gardens with moist well drained soil. divaricata has flower petals that are shallowly notched at the tip and a range that extends east from the Great Lakes. Woodland manufactures the finest in the park model lifestyle. Some are light purple, violet or violet-blue, others a lighter blue; still, others are rosy lavender. As the common name suggests, this is a woodland species which occurs in rich woods, fields and along streams. Choose the variety that fits your garden space and enjoy its gorgeous star-shaped blossoms all summer long. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 10 years. In early spring, foliage is crowned by loose clusters of showy pinkish-lavender or icy blue flowers. All woodland phlox artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee. Given the right growing conditions, it can be a splendid plant for woodland gardens anywhere. Keep the soil of woodland phlox evenly moist. Not only are the individual blooms pretty, but there are also so many of them that the display is truly something special to behold. Advertisement. Taxonomists recognize 2 varieties or subspecies. Good spreader for shade or wildflower gardens. Woodland phlox grows 10 to 12 inches tall and wide and thrives in shady and partially shady locations. The various types of phlox plants are popular landscape plants. Hellebores and Ferns make a perfect combination to this Phlox. Fertile stems terminate in showy rounded flower cymes. Thumbnails of Ontario Wildflowers. HABITAT & HARDINESS: Phlox divaricata occurs in eastern North America in Quebec and Ontario, south to Vermont and Florida and west to South Dakota and New Mexico. But there are a number of other cultivars, including a white one: 'Fuller's White.'. COMPANION & UNDERSTUDY PLANTS:  Try pairing Phlox divaricata with Aquilegia canadensis, Carex albicans, Carex plantaginea, Heuchera americana 'Dales Strain', Dryopteris marginalis or Polystichum acrostichoides. In mild climates attractive rosettes provide Winter Interest. P. divaricata var. Phlox divaricata, commonly called woodland phlox, is a spreading, native wildflower which forms mats of foliage with stems typically reaching 12-15" tall. Spreads to form a small patch, easily divided in early autumn. Green or purplish stems are erect or decumbent and may be sprinkled with sticky glandular hairs. This plant, also sometimes is refe… Phlox, Woodland. Plants are indigenous to rich deciduous woodlands, open moist to slightly dry woods, stream banks and open areas near woodland paths. Woodland Phlox is actually a wildflower in every state to some degree, ranging from the Rockies all the way to the Atlantic coast. They are sessile and are peppered with short fine hairs. Native to eastern North America, Phlox divaricata (Woodland Phlox) is a semi-evergreen, spreading wildflower which creates mats of abundant, open clusters of slightly fragrant flowers in mid to late spring. Woodland phlox, Phlox divaricata, is an eastern North American native increasingly offered as an ornamental to use in cultivated gardens for its attractive bluish flowers. When grown in masses or used as a bedding plant, individual plants should be spaced approximately 16 inches apart. Growing as a wildflower, Woodland Phlox thrives in open woods, fields, and along streams from the Rockies east to the Atlantic. Plants tolerate clay loam, sand, acid or alkaline pH, heat, drought, part sun and dry shade. laphamii has petals without notches and ranges west from the Great Lakes to the Great Plains and south into the Gulf Coastal Plain as far as the Florida Panhandle. Phlox, Woodland Growing Instructions. Moist, well-drained soil. FIRST IMPRESSIONS:  Phlox divaricata is a lovely spring ephemeral wildflower that forms foot tall clumps. It spreads rapidly to the places where it wants to grow and is an ideal woodland groundcover because it makes few demands. Friends School Plant Sale photo by Pat T. Category: Native Wild Flowers. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Blue flowers, May–June. The last month that you can plant phlox and expect a good harvest is probably October. Plants are fairly pest resistant but need good air circulation to prevent issues with powdery mildew. P: 888-998-1951 | F: 888-998-1952, Get Wild, Grow Native Woodland Phlox will grow to be about 8 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 18 inches. Find the perfect woodland phlox stock photo. Make sure to supplement what rainfall the plant may receive—enough to keep the soil moist (but never waterlogged) at all times. HABITAT & HARDINESS:  Phlox divaricata occurs in eastern North America in Quebec and Ontario, south to Vermont and Florida and west to South Dakota and New Mexico. Plants have semi-evergreen oval or lance shaped deep green leaves. Woodland phlox is an excellent native-plant option for gardens with dappled shade. Shop for woodland phlox art from the world's greatest living artists. Ideal for garden beds and borders with annuals, other perennials, and flowering shrubs. Find a location in your landscaping for woodland phlox that will best mimic its natural habitat, providing this perennial with, at most, filtered sunlight. Woodland phlox makes an excellent groundcover, provides soil stabilization, and attracts birds, bees, and butterflies. Find Sherwood Blue Woodland Phlox (Phlox stolonifera 'Sherwood Blue') in Toronto Orangeville Bramptom Vaughan Caledon Ontario ON at Glen Echo Nurseries (Creeping Phlox) Phlox divaricata has Showy Blooms and is appropriate for Cottage Gardens, Water-wise Landscapes, Low Maintenance Plantings and Perennial Borders. … Woodland phlox plants have hairy, sticky leaves. The earliest that you can plant phlox in Woodland is January. More generally, treat it as a flowering ground cover or edging plant, especially where you need color specifically for spring. Chock-full of oomph and charisma, Phlox are enduring warm weather beacons, appreciating moist well-drained soil, frequent deadheading and deep basal waterings, while periodic thinning to just 4 or 6 stalks ensures healthier paniculata cultivars. Florets are fragrant with 5 flat, often notched, blue-violet to rosy-lavender petals that flare from a narrow tube. It can also help to give woodland phlox a haircut after it has finished blooming, since rampant growth can be an invitation to powdery mildew. Woodland phlox (Phlox divaricata) is a woodland understory species with a vast native range that covers much of the Eastern U.S. (including the eastern third of Kansas) and Canada. Woodland phlox plant has fragrant flowers, which bloom in clusters. Plants grow 12-18” tall with an equal spread. A problem in growing woodland phlox that is less easy to solve is the potential attack of powdery mildew on its leaves. Carpets of lilac-blue flowers appear in June and July, over fresh green, hairy leaves. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Phlox Blue Moon has outstanding larger over-lapping flowerheads of beautiful rich blue violet. Each scented, saucer-shaped flower features five, flat, notched, petal-like lobes in shades of lilac, rose or blue. Each set of blades is situated at a right angle to those above and below. to have fertile and infertile stems. HABITAT & HARDINESS: The parent species Phlox divaricata occurs in eastern North America in Quebec and Ontario, south from Vermont to Florida and west to South Dakota and New Mexico. Steps. However, you really should wait until February if you don't want to take any chances. Site produced by Clarity Connect, Inc, http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PHDI5. Wildflowers Listed In Alphabetical Order (Last updated - January 12th 2018) If you know the name of the wildflower then find it in the alphabetical list below. Some varieties, such as creeping, woodland and moss phlox, grow low to the ground and are frequently used as ground covers. This selection has clusters of fragrant white flowers with an indigo eye, over a low spreading mound of bright green foliage. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, native-plant option for gardens with dappled shade. Meanwhile P. paniculata 'David' and the other popular, upright, summer-blooming phloxes―which are considered "garden phloxes"―are taller. Hardy from zones 3-8. Choose your favorite woodland phlox designs and purchase them as wall art, home decor, phone cases, tote bags, and more! When grown in masses or used as a bedding plant, individual plants should be spaced approximately 20 inches apart. Blades average 1-2” length and ½” width. Phlox stolonifera, which also goes by the common names Creeping phlox and Moss phlox, is similar to P. subulata in name only. Small inconspicuous oval seed capsules follow. The plant belongs to the Polemoniaceae family, as does Jacob's ladder. When planting the crown of the plant should sit above the soil surface when watered in, with 16” space between individual plants. For more information on this plant, visit the USDA PLANTS Database: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PHDI5, © 2020 | New Moon Nursery, LLC Since this perennial grows wild, you may not be as familiar with it as you are with the commonly cultivated types of phlox, but it does belong to the same genus. Woodland phlox grows best in dappled shade. The leaves are opposite and arranged in widely spaced pairs. Woodland phlox is known to be a plant that attracts butterflies. Others, such as garden and meadow phlox, produce taller plants commonly grown in gardens, borders and edging. Plants are also used as Butterfly Nectar Plants or as part of a Grouping or Mass Planting. Likewise, in the wild, woodland phlox is naturally fertilized when the leaf litter in the forest breaks down (becoming "leaf mold"). Woodland Phlox. P. divaricata var. Phlox divaricata ‘May Breeze’ (P-1812) Each 8.75. Read on to learn how to grow phlox. Phlox divaricata. TRIVIA:  Phlox divaricata provides valuable early season nectar for swallowtail butterflies, day flying sphinx moths (hummingbird moths and clearwing moths) and hummingbirds. They gradually form colonies from short rhizomes and spreading leafy stems that root at the nodes. Phlox. Blue Paradise Garden Phlox will grow to be about 30 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 24 inches. Perfect for underplanting spring bulbs. A New England Wildflower Society introduction. The central stem of each fertile shoot is light green to reddish brown and pubescent to hairy; some of these hairs are sticky-glandular. The root system of woodland phlox plants forms a loose mat of foliage that can grow a foot high (30 cm.). Woodland phlox flowers vary greatly in color. PLANT DESCRIPTION:  Phlox divaricata is a mounding rhizomatous perennial groundcover. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Once established, water two times per week. Many people prefer the violet-blue color and find it in the cultivar, 'Blue Moon.' Woodland Phlox is one of the spring wildflowers that is vulnerable to habitat destruction and invasion of wooded areas by Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata). No need to register, buy now! Other common names for it include wild sweet William and wild blue phlox. This impressive little native is just perfect for your woodland garden. In contrast, woodland phlox prefers partial shade and spreads slowly. Work compost into the ground around your plant annually in spring. Image by lois bryan June 4, 2020 0 Comments. As with any plant susceptible to powdery mildew (or to fungus attacks, in general), aeration (through spacing) can help. This woodland phlox bloom time is between early to late spring with a very fast growth rate. 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