They and their contemporaries the Des Moines -class heavy cruisers were the last all-gun cruisers built for the US Navy. The 6"/47 Mk 16 gun was an autoloading, high-angle dual purpose gun with a high rate of fire, and the Worcesters were thus designed to serve as AA cruisers like the Juneaus but with much more potent guns, as well as conventional light cruisers. USA 1921-1947 – 62 cruisers From Omaha to Worcester, two decades of conventional cruiser development (1918-47). They and their contemporaries, the Des Moines -class heavy cruisers , were the last all-gun cruisers built for the U.S. Navy. CL 156 (none) CL 157 (none) CL 158 (none) CL 159 (none) Long Beach guided missile cruiser Three minutes later, the cruiser fired three rounds of 6-inch projectiles in the direction of the intruder to warn her—it turned out to be a British Short Sunderland flying boat on patrol. She does however come with her weaknesses. They and their contemporaries the Des Moines-class heavy cruisers were the last all-gun cruisers built for the US Navy. The origins of this class lay in the development of the 6in/47 DP gun, allied with the requirement, in 1941, for a ship capable of defending the fleet against attack by high-altitude bombers, possibly as a result of British experiences off Norway and Crete. Relieved by Samuel N. Moore as fire support ship, Worcester patrolled in company with Brush to seaward of the fire support area for the night. Directed by Korean Military Advisory Group (KMAG) personnel ashore, Worcester delivered call-fire throughout the day with pinpoint accuracy at troop concentrations and command posts. Certain elements not to scale. While Missouri's helicopter searched the projected bombardment track for mines, the UN force formed up for battle. Ten ships were planned for this class, but only two (USS Worcester (CL-144) and USS Roanoke (CL-145)) were completed. The only other ships built with an 152 mm AA gun that effective (the 6"/50 QF Mark N5) were the Tiger-class; and they had 2 turrets compared to the Worcester's 6. The Minotaur-class was the final all gun cruiser design of the Royal Navy. The Des Moines class displaced almost 21,000 tons at full load. Ten were originally odered, but only two were completed, with the remaining being cancelled. Worcester remained at Sasebo from 7 to 10 September and got underway at 0532 on 11 September, again with TF 77, and proceeded to the operation area in the Yellow Sea to support a large-scale amphibious assault by United Nations (UN) forces against enemy forces in the Inchon and Seoul areas of Korea. The Worcester class was a class of light cruisers used by the United States Navy, laid down in 1945 and commissioned in 1948-49. Update 16 Nov 19: Added 1949 version with specially raised gun configuration. At 0600 on 1 October, Worcester joined the blockading force off the east coast of Korea, south of the 41st parallel, ready to render gunfire support for UN troops advancing against North Korean forces. It also bore red star markings. Proceeding to the objective via the straits north of the Quelpart Islands and west of Tsushima, the light cruiser rendezvoused with Helena three miles off the east coast of Korea and 12 miles north of Pohang Dong. save. Ten ships were planned for this class, but only two (USS Worcester (CL-144) and USS Roanoke (CL-145)) were completed. Class: Worcester-class light cruiser Complement: 1401 Officers and Enlisted Displacement: 14700 tons Length: 680 feet Beam: 71 feet Draft: 26 feet Range: 8 000 Nautical Miles Final Disposition: Sold for scrap 5 July 1972 Struck 1 Dec 1970, sold for scrap to Levin Metals, San Jose, 22 Feb 1972. They (the contacts) were probably two flocks of geese. She was decommissioned at Mare Island on 19 December 1958 and simultaneously placed in reserve. The development of the Worcester-class dates back to May 1942, as the General Board requested designs for a new light cruiser class; this new class would fulfill several roles and specifications: destroyer-like speed and maneuverability, dual-purpose artillery, destroyer flotilla leaders, cruiser dimensions, scouting operations, and seakeeping capabilities in almost any weather. -class cruiser. They carried twelve six-inch dual purpose guns … Ten ships were planned for this class, but only two (USS Worcester (CL-144) and USS Roanoke (CL-145)) were completed. At 1150, when a shell from an unobserved shore battery fell 5,000 yards (4,600 m) short of the group, it apparently signalled the beginning. The Worcester class was a class of light cruisers used by the United States Navy, laid down in 1945 and commissioned in 1948–49. At that time, two hospitalmen—who had been transferred from Worcester to Brush to tend the wounded on the destroyer—returned to the cruiser. Worcester and Roanoke seemed to offer little more than the post-war group 3 Juneau-class light cruisers on 40% of the displacement, USS Juneau was refitted in 1951 with six twin Mk 38 5-inch (127 mm) guns and twelve 50 calibre 3-inch (76 mm) guns on a 6,000-ton displacement seeming a better answer. The world’s largest light cruiser. Based off a design memo from the United States regarding a need for light cruisers for escort duties. The Worcester class was a class of light cruisers used by the United States Navy, laid down in 1945 and commissioned in 1948-49. 1/1800th scale Worcester-class cruiser model. Due to the uniqueness of the Alaska-class design, these ships were not classified “CA” as typical for heavy cruisers, but instead “CB” for large cruiser.Also, as a nod to their not-quite-battleship, not-quite-cruiser roots, instead of being named after US states or cities, the ships were named after US territories with the USS Alaska (CB-1) being the first. The rapid advance of the UN forces on 26 September obviated fire support from Worcester's guns; but the cruiser received word that Brush had hit a naval mine off Tanchon, North Korea, at 1220. In between her cycles of drills and exercises in the "Med," Worcester visited Augusta, Sicily; Bizerte; Genoa and La Spezia, Italy; and Golfe Juan, on the southern coast of France, before she put into Phaleron Bay on 20 July. View discussions in 1 other community. |state=expanded: {{Worcester class cruiser|state=expanded}} to show the template expanded, i.e., fully visible |state=autocollapse : {{Worcester class cruiser|state=autocollapse}} shows the template collapsed to the title bar if there is a {{ navbar }} , a {{ sidebar }} , or some other table on the page with the collapsible attribute While still at Sasebo, Worcester became a flagship again the next day when Rear Admiral Allan E. Smith, Commander, TF 95 came aboard. They did not enter commission until 1948. For almost the next 90-odd minutes, Worcester's 6-inch guns hammered at iron works and railroad tunnels in the vicinity. Bell of USS Worcester is on display at the first floor near the black entrance to Worcester, City Hall. On 12 October, the battleship Missouri joined. Late in the summer, she sailed for the Mediterranean, departing Newport, Rhode Island, on 6 September 1949 and reaching Gibr… … During that 6th Fleet deployment, she engaged in exercises and maneuvers with fast carrier task forces, including the carrier Leyte and the heavy cruiser Des Moines. Ten ships were planned for this class, but only two and USS Roanoke) were completed. Worcester hoisted the blue and white UN flag to the foretruck and commenced firing at exactly noon on 12 October. The Worcester class light cruisers where the largest light cruisers ever constructed and with their Des Moines class heavy cruiser counterparts the last all gun cruisers built for the United States Navy. Cruiser Worcester. She got underway the following day to add her anti-aircraft defense to the screen of Task Force (TF) 77—the fast carrier task force consisting of Philippine Sea and Valley Forge, then operating in the Yellow Sea off the coast of Korea. Although technically light cruisers because they carried 6 in (152 mm) guns, they were in fact among the largest cruisers ever built, being longer and displacing more than the Baltimore-class heavy cruisers of World War II. The cruiser later recovered the helicopter before heading for Sasebo, Japan, for replenishment of fuel, ammunition, stores, and provisions. They were the last all-gun cruisers built for the US Navy. A Baltimore class cruiser was 673′ in length with a 70′ beam. The Worcester-class was a class of light cruisers used by the American People's Navy, laid down in 1945 and commissioned in 1948-49.They and their contemporaries the Des Moines-class heavy cruisers were the last all-gun cruisers built for the APN.. At 0101 on 27 September, Worcester commenced taking on board the more seriously wounded of the destroyer's company via highline transfer, eventually receiving 15 stretcher cases—all men suffering from burns—by 0228. She was sold to Zidell Explorations, Inc., of Portland, Oregon, for disposal on 5 July 1972. Hydro is another aspect of her vision control toolkit, allowing her to detect torpedoes while pushing caps with her radar, and spotting destroyers moseying a little too close to the edge of their smokescreens. USS Worcester testing her anti-nuclear radiation wash down system on 7 July 1954. Playing her to her strengths while keeping mind of her weaknesses will reward players with a fun … The Worcester class of large light cruisers was designed from the start to field the troubled 6"/47 DP Mk 16 gun. Each day in ensuing days, the carriers launched their strikes against North Korean ground targets while the screen provided protection in case of any attempts by the communist North Korean air forces to interrupt the operation. Worcester conducted four more 6th Fleet "Med" deployments into the mid-1950s and twice visited northern European ports. This 1/1800 scale model represents the Worcester class of Light Cruisers; USS Worcester, and USS Roanoke. During this period, the USN tested and operated no less than six cruiser types: The scout cruiser (Omaha class), the AA cruiser (Atlanta class, 5-in DP guns), the light cruiser (up to the Worcester, arguably “heavy-light”, but with 6-in guns), the heavy cruiser (from Pensacola to Des Moines, 8-in guns), and even the “large cruiser” (Alaska class, 12-in guns). Lead ship of Worchester-class light cruisers. The following day, Worcester went to general quarters at 1108 and commenced maneuvering at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph) to avoid possible attack when her radar picked up an unidentified plane closing the formation from the east. This page details the development and operational history of the USS Worcester (CL-144) Light Cruiser Warship including technical specifications and pictures. Ten ships were planned for this class, but only two ( USS Worcester (CL-144) and USS Roanoke (CL-145) ) were completed. More about the Light cruiser Worcester-class cruiser. Over the ensuing days, Worcester patrolled off the coast with TG 95.2. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. Combining destroyer maneuverability with cruiser size and given a main battery that could deal not only with surface targets but with aircraft as well, Worcester embodied many of the lessons learned during World War II; she and her sister ship Roanoke epitomized the dual-purpose cruiser. The Worcester class was a class of light cruisers used by the United States Navy, laid down in 1945 and commissioned in 1948-49. Worcester class light cruisers CL 154 (none) All cancelled 26 March 1945. later, at Bremerton, Washington, before she was struck from the Navy list on 1 December 1970. Based on and named after the American Navy's ultimate TL6 light gun cruiser, the Worcester is a 12000-ton armored cruiser, primarily armed with beam weaponry, intended as a flagship/"battleship" for small-ship campaigns or a Light Cruiser for larger campaigns. Approximately 200 tons of her armor plate was sent to the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia, Illinois, west of Chicago, and the armor is being used for absorption shielding in the particle accelerator and experiment lines. This page was last edited on 2 July 2019, at 13:44. As she patrolled off the coast, Worcester launched her helicopter to conduct anti-submarine and anti-mine patrols and frequently stationed lookouts in the bows of the ship, their eyes peeled for mines. The Worcester class was a class of light cruisers used by the United States Navy, laid down in 1945 and commissioned in 1948-49. The Americans, focused on the Pacific theater, wound up developing a cruiser that would become the Worcester-class. The world’s largest light cruiser. While Samuel N. Moore took over the on-call fire support duties in the vicinity, Worcester sailed at 27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph) and went to Brush's aid. Accordingly, Worcester departed Phaleron Bay on 27 July, in company with Destroyer Division (DesDiv) 21 composed of Fred T. Berry, Keppler, Norris, and McCaffery. They and their contemporaries, the Des Moines-class heavy cruisers, were the last all-gun cruisers built for the U.S. Navy. Worcester spent the night hours on 25 and into 26 September patrolling eight miles of a stretch of coast between Yonghae and Utchin. Ten ships were planned for this class, but only two (USS Worcester (CL-144) and USS Roanoke (CL-145)) were completed. Worcester subsequently supported the Inchon landing —the daring stroke aimed at outflanking the North Korean invaders by a strategic landing behind their lines in South Korea masterminded by General Douglas MacArthur. Their successor grew to 716′ in length with a 76′ beam. Ten ships were planned for this class, but only two (USS Worcester (CL-144) and USS Roanoke (CL-145)) were completed. Ten ships were planned for this class, but only two (USS Worcester (CL-144) and USS Roanoke (CL-145)) were completed. Transferred from the Atlantic to the Pacific Fleet in January 1956, Worcester made two more deployments to operate with the 7th Fleet, visiting such highly frequented ports as Sasebo and Yokosuka, Japan; Hong Kong; Manila; as well as the Japanese ports of Hakodate, Nagasaki, Shimoda, Yokohama, and Kobe. However, the design is largely considered a failure, as the main armament of twin automatic 6-inch (152 mm) guns never achieved fire rates of more 9-10 rpm which was lower than the similar design of automatic 8-inch (203 … This thread is archived. Puerto Rico is a Tier X American large cruiser. List of cruisers of the United States Navy, United States naval ship classes of World War II, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Global Security.org - Worcester class cruiser, Global Security.org - Worcester class cruiser specifications, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Worcester-class_cruiser?oldid=2623333, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 12 x 6-in/47 Mk16 DP in six 2-gun turrets. She departed Norfolk on 3 May, arrived at Lisbon on 13 May, and entered the Mediterranean soon thereafter. She reached that port at 0823 two days later. DANFS History: CL-146: Vallejo: 467: Jul 16, 1945 (O) Never: Worcester class light cruiser She remained in reserve until stricken on 1 December 1958, and was sold on 5 July 1972 to Zidell Explorations Inc. of Portland, Oregon, for breaking up. Combining destroyer maneuverability with cruiser size and given a main battery that could deal not only with surface targets but with aircraft as well, Worcester embodied many of the lessons learned during World War II; she and her sister ship Roanokeepitomized the dual-purpose cruiser. She carried 152 mm dual-purpose artillery as her main battery, supplemented by a great number of automatic 76 mm guns. Worcester class light cruiser: Last ship ordered during WWII. However, she was there only a week before she received orders to sail for the Far East. They did not enter commission until 1948. Returning each time to her home port at Long Beach, California, the ship conducted local operations between her cruises in Oriental waters. USS Roanoke (CL-145), Worcester-class light cruiser, 1950 [2924x2183] 29 comments. The Worcester class was a class of light cruisers used by the United States Navy, laid down in 1945 and commissioned in 1948–49. Ten ships were planned for this class, but only two (USS Worcester (CL-144) and USS Roanoke (CL-145)) were completed. Worcester was subsequently berthed at San Francisco and. Worcester Class Cruiser : America’s Last Light Cruisers. KMAG reported that all firing has been very effective and instrumental in enemy retreat.". Worcester had a short but interesting career with the U.S. Navy. The American light cruiser APNS Worcester underway in the Mediterranean Sea in 1953.. While faring well against Japanese cruisers in gunnery duels, US cruisers had experienced heavy losses from Japanese des… On 28 August, the light cruiser—steaming in company with Norris—joined TF 77 and proceeded into the Yellow Sea for operations against enemy targets located in central and southwestern Korea. Worcester's helicopter also performed plane-guard duty, standing by in the air to rescue any ditched pilots from the waters nearby. They and their contemporaries, the Des Moines -class heavy cruisers, were the last all-gun cruisers built for the U.S. Navy. 1/1800th scale Worcester-class cruiser model. Returning to Philadelphia on 21 November—via Pearl Harbor and the Panama Canal—Worcester later spent six days at Norfolk, 23 to 29 November, before she was overhauled at the Boston Naval Shipyard from 1 December 1950 to 20 March 1951. The next day, she extended her target list to include railroad marshalling yards, tearing up sections of track and blasting rolling stock. Made by. In the summer of 1949, she participated in her first large-scale training exercises in Guantanamo Bay and visited Kingston, Jamaica. The Worcester class was a class of light cruisers used by the United States Navy, laid down in 1945 and commissioned in 1948-49. In the summer of 1949, she participated in her first large-scale training exercises in Guantanamo Bay and visited Kingston, Jamaica. 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